Example of how to Critique an Article: 5 Amazing Tips

When given the job of writing an article critique, or seeking an example of how to critique an article, students must critically analyze a research article and remark on their findings. The most important role is to identify the piece’s strong and weak points, as well as to evaluate how well the author interprets the sources. Quite simply, a critique examines the validity and effectiveness of the arguments advanced by the author of the piece in his or her work.

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The ability to think critically is essential for success in writing this assignment. Every author of a research piece has the responsibility of convincing readers of the correctness of his or her point of view, no matter how distorted it may be. As a result, the only means to tell the difference between strong and weak arguments are to be an excellent researcher, to have the appropriate tools for distinguishing reality from fiction, and to have strong critical thinking skills.

What is the best way to create a critique paper – In this lesson, we’ll walk you through the steps of composing this type of piece of writing from start to finish, step by step. Before we go, it is important to note that the primary goal of a good article criticism is to raise issues that determine whether or not a reviewed article is correct or incorrect—much like you would do while writing a persuasive essay. Because of this, we are going to discuss a slightly different structure for the article critique in this tutorial than the typical 5-paragraph essay; nonetheless, both styles are effective for persuading readers of the soundness of your point of view.

The Fundamentals of Writing a Critique on an Article

This type of work is by its very nature difficult and perplexing to complete. It is understandable that students may become overwhelmed when faced with the task of figuring out how to write an article critique.

To make it easier for you to complete your work, we’ve put together a short 3-step instruction on how to summarize and criticize an article:

First and foremost, read the article.

First and foremost, in order to review the article, you must thoroughly read it. It is essential that you read the essay multiple times to ensure that you thoroughly comprehend the information offered in it for the best possible outcome. Following that, you must respond to the following questions:

1. What qualifies the author of the article as a subject matter expert in their field?

What makes a certain author’s point of view appear to be valid? Is the author well-versed in the subject matter at hand? What do other professionals in the field have to say about the author? Is the author of the article lavished with academic accolades or is he or she dismissed as unworthy of consideration?

2. The thesis/hypothesis of the author is stated in the second sentence.

What is the primary message that the author is attempting to communicate? Is the message understood? If there are so many generic statements, does it mean there aren’t any precise details?

3. Who is the intended audience for this article?

Is the article intended for a broad audience? If so, who is the target audience? In other words, does it target a specific set of people and employ language that is only understandable to that group of people?

4. Do the arguments that have been presented make sense?

What sources does the author use? Do they come from all over the place? If so, does it appear that some of the sources have been taken from locations that use a cult-like vocabulary?

5. What are the logical fallacies that the author uses to support his or her position?

Are there any logical blind spots that need to be addressed? How big of an impact do they have on the outcome?

6. Does the conclusion make sense and follow a logical path?

Is it evident that the author’s work has reached a conclusion of some sort?

Step 2: Obtaining Documentary Evidence

The first phase will assist you with reading and comprehending the text, as well as examining it from a critical standpoint and reflecting on it. Now that you have a general notion of the direction in which you should take your critique paper, it is time to begin gathering evidence. The following are the primary actions you should take:

1. Determine whether or not the author is adhering to formal logic.

When creating a critique of an article, one of the most important things to look for is the presence of any logical fallacies. Establishing that the author’s overall notion is logical is a difficult endeavor, but it is a necessary first step in completing the assignment successfully.

Undereducated people frequently fall prey to several common logical fallacies. For example, accepting specific information based on the feelings and/or emotions it elicits, rather than focusing on the supporting arguments, is an example of cognitive bias.

Listed below is a list of some frequent examples of logical fallacies, along with brief explanations of each example:

When an author challenges someone who is expressing an opinion with the intent of discrediting the other’s point of view, this is known as ad hominem.

Slippery Slope is a term used to describe when an author asserts that an activity will always result in the worst conceivable outcome.

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Comparison of correlative and causal arguments -1.

when the author concludes that because actions 1 and 2 occurred one after another, it must be assumed that action 2 is the result of action 1. In this case, the author’s conclusion on the relationship between the two actions is flawed mostly because the author does not delve deeper to determine the true causes and effects.

The term “Wishful Thinking” refers to when an author thinks something without any supporting evidence. This problem often happens when someone believes that the information they have been provided is correct because it makes them feel good about themselves.

2. Look for any slanted or biased viewpoints in the article.

Another step is to assess the content in terms of whether or not it has any skewed viewpoints. The problem is that individuals frequently choose sides in an argument based on the outcome of the debate rather than on the evidence. If the conclusion makes them feel awful in any manner, they can look for any evidence that would refute it and, as a result, make them feel better about themselves.

3. Pay Close Attention to the Author’s Interpretation of Other People’s Texts. Is he or she prone to viewing others’ points of view via inappropriately political lenses?

It takes a great deal of knowledge and many years of study practice to be able to distinguish the fingerprints of all of the many political slants that are out there in today’s world. Let’s take the subject of animal research as an example to better understand the concept. To begin, it’s important to note that some people become involved in various businesses as a result of their emotional attachment to the issues that they are interested in. As an example, persons who write a great deal about animals are very likely to be people who actually care about animals. As a result, their art may be skewed toward showing animals in a way that elevates their subject matter above its proper place in the narrative. You can see right away that this is exactly what you should be looking for.

In your reading and rewriting, look for and highlight instances in which the author exaggerates the importance of certain topics because of his or her own religious or philosophical convictions. Return to point 1 of this list and go over the list of logical fallacies that you should be on the lookout for in order to polish your mental research equipment.

4. Double-check the sources that were used.

One of the most important steps in producing an excellent critique paper is determining whether or not the author of the article relied on untrustworthy sources of information. The process is not simple and requires a certain amount of skill.

Examine, for example, the news from Breitbart News Network. What criteria would you use to determine if a source is untrustworthy or not? To assess its credibility, one needs be aware of the organization’s long history of manipulating facts to advance a far-right political objective. This can only be learned by paying close attention to both local and international news sources.

5.  Consider how the article’s language is written.

Regardless of the area or issue, language plays an important role in every piece of writing. As a result, while working on your review, you should pay great attention to the language that the article’s author use in his or her writing.

I’ll give you a concrete example of what you should be looking for: some terms have cultural connotations associated to them, which can result in a sense of conflict in the article when used in this way. People, objects, and ideas can be placed on the “them” side of the “us vs. them” scenario if such phrases are used.

Consider the following scenario: If a conservative refers to an opponent as a “leftist,” this can be considered an example of targeting the messenger rather than the message. When someone progressive refers to an opponent as a “bigot,” this is a similar concept to the one that applies when someone conservative does so.

The usage of such wording in an article is a strong indication that the author is committing logical fallacies. Authors employ it to undermine their opponents on the basis of who they are, rather than what they say, rather than what they believe. This is a poor choice of words because the discussion does not come to a conclusion.

6. In scientific articles, you should question the research methods used.

Although it is not always required, if you are writing an article critique for a scientific piece, you will be expected to challenge and analyze the author’s study methodology.

To accomplish this, ask yourself the following questions:

  • What is the study’s overall structure? Is there anything wrong with it?
  • What is the piece’s approach to explaining the research methods?
  • Was there a control group that was used in this investigation?
  • Were there any challenges with the sample size?
  • Were there any statistical miscalculations?
  • In order to replicate the experiment in a laboratory context, is it possible?
  • Is there any meaningful influence and/or value in the research (or experiment) in the field of science in which it is conducted?

Step 3: Organize and Format Your Paper

A critique paper should be prepared and structured in the same way as any other written assignment of the same type. Typically, an article critique is divided into four sections: an introduction, a summary, a critique, and a conclusion. The following is a straightforward checklist to assist you in grasping the concept of how an excellent paper should be formatted:


The author’s name and the title of the piece should be included.

The author’s central point of view.

A concise thesis statement that accurately expresses the direction of your critique.


Essentially, this is the central thesis of the article.

The main points of contention raised in the article.

The article’s conclusion is presented here.


Draw attention to both the positive and negative aspects of the piece.

Form a well-informed judgment about the article’s relevance, clarity, and correctness by providing evidence. Provide specific instances from the piece to support your claims. ‍


The main elements of the article are summarized here.

Finalization of your conclusion, including your thoughts on the relevance of the research findings.

If you believe the research is relevant, provide a rationale for why additional research in this topic would be beneficial.

How to Write a Critical Review of a Journal Article

So you’ve been tasked with writing a critique paper on a journal article, right? If you are unsure about where to begin, the following is a step-by-step guidance on how to critique a journal article:

1. Gather the most basic of information.

Regardless of the subject of the article you are going to evaluate, your paper must include some essential facts, such as the following:

The title of the article under consideration.

The title of the journal in which the article is published, as well as the date and month of publication, the volume number, and the pages on which the piece may be located are all included.

The main issue or problem that has been revealed in the text is stated in full.

The purpose, study methods, approach, hypothesis, and important findings are all discussed in detail.

As a result, the first step is to gather the necessary information.

2. Read the article once and then re-read it when you’ve finished.

First and first, obtain a rough sense of what it is and what it is about. Your competent and knowledgeable view of the article should be reflected in a well-written critique. To form such an opinion, you must reread the work, this time critically, and underline anything that you believe will be relevant in writing your paper.

Writing your critique on the basis of the evidence you have gathered is step three.

When writing a journal article critique, the following are the primary questions to consider:

  • Is the title of the article concise and appropriate?
  • Is the abstract of the paper presented in the proper format, is it relevant to the substance of the article, and does it contain specific information?
  • Is it clear what the author’s goal is, as mentioned in the introduction?
  • Is there any inconsistency between the author’s interpretations and the facts?
  • The topic is meaningful and valuable, or is it not?
  • Is the author’s use of reliable and trustworthy sources credible?
  • Were there any ideas that you felt were overemphasized or underemphasized in the essay, and how did you feel about them?
  • Do you think that any elements of the work should be enlarged, condensed, or omitted? Why or why not?
  • Are all of the author’s comments understandable?
  • What are the author’s fundamental presuppositions?
  • Has the article’s author maintained a level of objectivity in his or her statements?
  • Are the methodologies and research procedures that have been employed appropriate?
  • Are the statistical approaches used appropriate for the situation?
  • Is there any content that has been duplicated or repeated?

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How to Write a Research Article Critique

If you’re wondering how to evaluate a research study in particular, we’ve detailed the most important actions to take below to get you started.

Before you begin writing, consider the following:

Choose a work that complies with the requirements of your lecturer.

To get the primary point of the article, you should read it from beginning to end.

Reread the piece with a critical eye on your shoulders.

While reading, consider the following:

Define the level of expertise the author possesses in the specified subject matter. What are the qualifications of the author?

Consider the research approaches that were employed. The procedures that the author selected for answering the specified research question(s) do they appear to be appropriate and helpful?

Examine the results and make conclusions. Is there any evidence that the results are likely to be generalizable?

Look for any indications of prejudice in the article. Is there any evidence of a conflict of interest or bias on the part of the investigator?

Define the overall level of excellence of the research project. Is the information in the article current or out of date?

Pay close attention to the sources that were utilised. Did the sources support their findings with theory and/or earlier literature that was relevant to the subject matter?

Are you having trouble identifying the strong and weak elements that can help you design your critique? A brief checklist to assist you in understanding what to critique in a research article (divided into sections) is provided below.

1. Introduction to the problem.

Whether or not the author formulates a problem statement is debatable.

If so, does the problem statement match to the study’s primary objective?

Is the problem you’ve described one that can be researched?

Is there any background information provided by the author regarding the problem?

Is the author’s discussion of the problem’s significance included?

Is the author’s discussion of variables and their relationships included?

Is the author’s background and education sufficient to carry out this particular research project?

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2. Review of the Relevant Literature (Research Methodology)

Is the review of the literature complete and up to date?

Are all of the references appropriately cited?

Are the majority of the sources that the author has used primary sources?

The references and findings contained in them were analyzed and critiqued, as well as compared and contrasted by the author.

Is the author able to explain why his or her references are relevant to the topic at hand?

Is the literature review organized in a logical manner?

Can you tell me whether or not the review provides competent information to readers regarding the topic and problem?

3. Proposal of a hypothesis

Is it possible to see the author’s key research topics and hypotheses?

Is it possible to test every hypothesis?

Has the clarity, logic, and accuracy of each hypothesis and research question been established?


1. Those who are taking part

  • What information on the size and primary characteristics of participant groups does the author provide?
  • If a sample has been selected, does the author specify the size and characteristics of the sample?
  • Is there enough information provided by the author about the procedure of picking a sample that was used?
  • Is there any evidence that the author’s method of selecting participants had any restrictions or biases?

2. Instruments of the trade

  • Is it possible to find out what instruments were utilized by the author?
  • Are the instruments that have been selected appropriate?
  • Is it possible to tell whether the tools used to protect participants in the experiment comply with general safety guidelines?
  • Is it true that the author obtained all of the necessary permissions?
  • If so, does the author provide a description of each instrument in terms of its dependability, function, validity, and content?
  • When instruments were constructed expressly for this study, did the author disclose the methods that were followed in the development and validation of those instruments?

3. Design and Implementation Procedures

  • Is there any information available about the research design that was employed?
  • Is the author’s description of all of their procedures complete?
  • Is the design and processes that have been defined appropriate for investigating the problem or question that has been stated?
  • Do the procedures have a logical relationship to one another?
  • Are the instruments and procedures being used in the proper manner?
  • Do you provide a thorough description of the research’s context?


  • Did the author use adequate descriptive statistics in his or her writing?
  • Did the author conduct a thorough investigation into all of his or her hypotheses?
  • Is the inductive logic that was employed to generate the outcomes of their qualitative study explicitly stated by the author?
  • Are the outcomes understandable and logical?
  • Is there any extra information in the author’s tables and figures? Were they simple to comprehend, relevant, and well-organized?
  • Is the information from the tables and figures that have been presented included in the text as well?
  • Discussion, conclusion, or suggestions are all acceptable options.
  • How thoroughly does the author detail each discovery in relation to the original subject or hypothesis to which it is related?
  • Is it possible for the author to address each finding in terms of whether it is in agreement or disagreement with earlier findings obtained by other experts?
  • Are the generalizations made compatible with the findings?
  • Is the author’s discussion of the probable influence of uncontrolled factors on the findings included in the findings?
  • Is there any discussion of the theoretical and practical implications of the findings by the author?
  • Is there anything the author has to say about possible future research projects?
  • If a study has a practical significance, does the author tailor his or her recommendations to that importance?

A brief summary or an abstract

  • Is it true that the author re-stated the problem?
  • Is the research design that was used in the study documented?
  • Is the author’s description of the instruments and subjects specific to the type and number of instruments and subjects?
  • Are all of the processes that were carried out specified?
  • Is it true that the author has re-stated all of their major results and conclusions?

Impression as a whole

  • Are you satisfied with the article’s structure? Is the work well-organized? Logic should be seen in the organization of each section’s names, sections, subsections, and paragraphs.
  • The author’s writing style and way of thinking – Is the author’s writing style and thought process easy to comprehend, straightforward, and logical?
  • After you’ve completed all of these procedures, you’ll be able to begin writing. Writing your criticism paper, you should provide a critical appraisal of the research article you have read and use the evidence you have gathered from the piece to support your conclusion. Here is an example of an outline for a critique of research for the paper The Effects of Early Education on Children’s Competence in Elementary School: A Case Study to assist you in structuring your critique effectively.

1. Information about the bibliography

M. B. Bronson, D. E. Pierson, and T. Tivnan are the authors.

The Effects of Early Education on Children’s Competence in Elementary School is the title of this study.

The year 1984 marks the publishing of this book.

Evaluation Review, volume 8, number 5, pages 143-155.

2. An Overview of the Article

Specifically, the question is whether or not early childhood education programs have a significant and long-term impact on children’s abilities when they enter primary school.

Background: In order to do well in primary school, students must possess a wide range of abilities and competences.

Children who fall below the minimal competences indicated as necessary for effective performance in the second grade will be less likely to participate in early childhood education programs, according to the hypothesis.

The following are dependent variables: mastery skills, social skills, and time management. Independent variables include the Brookline Early Education Program and the Brookline Public Schools. Mother’s level of education is one of the controlled variables.

a quasi-experimental design with a post-test only comparison group design, with no random selection of children, no assignment to therapy, no control group, and no control group

The study recruited 169 students to participate in the BEEP program as part of its sampling strategy. Students were chosen at random from the same second-grade classrooms and were paired according to their genders. The youngsters were also divided into two groups: those who continued their BEEP program (104) and those who moved away but were still monitored (65).

Specifically, the researchers employed a newly developed tool called the Executive Skill Profile to recognize and track students’ mastery of academic subjects as well as their social and time management abilities.

Collection/Ethics: The observation took place in the spring of the students’ second-grade year, during the spring semester. The observers observed all of the children for six 10-minute periods on three distinct days (three to six weeks apart) across a period of three to six weeks. Behaviors were also timed to determine their duration and frequency.

Data analysis: The researchers ran a series of tests to see whether or not there were any statistically significant differences in mastering, social, and time management abilities between matched pairs of students (those who were engaged in BEEP and those who moved elsewhere).

Findings of the authors: The study revealed that students who participated in the BEEP program outperformed their peers on exams and demonstrated greater understanding of material as well as improved social skills. There were no substantial changes in the pupils’ ability to manage their time. Student’s whose moms with college degrees benefited from the early education program at all three levels of treatment, according to the findings. When it came to youngsters whose mothers did not have college degrees, the same program made the most significant difference only at the most intense level.

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3. Offer your thoughts on the subject.

Threats to the Internal Validity of the Hypothesis

In this study, there was no control group since the comparison children may not have lived their entire lives in the same geographic location as the treatment pupils.

Maturation is under control. Students were paired according to gender and grade level.

Testing: During three- to six-week periods, the observers observed and documented the kids’ conduct. It’s possible that this knowledge influenced their actions.

Instrumentation: From the perspective of the observers, the tool that was employed may have been influenced by prejudice.

Selection bias was not present because all of the students who were chosen volunteered to take part in the study. As a result, the findings may be influenced by the fact that they were chosen.

Experimental mortality: Students who departed the study area were kept monitored as part of the treatment group, despite the fact that they should have been evaluated as a separate group.

Design contamination: Because the children in the comparison group were all from the same classroom, it is possible that they picked up skills from the students in the treatment group.

Threats to the External Validity of the Hypothesis

The program had several distinguishing characteristics, including the fact that it was open to both community residents and non-residents.

Brooklin, unlike many other communities, is rich, allowing for more experimental arrangements.

4. Concluding remarks

  • Is the article under consideration useful?
  • Is that what you’re saying?
  • The study’s findings do they appear to be convincing? Explain.
  • Is there any significance and/or practical value to the work in terms of its particular field of scientific study?

Example of an Article Critique

Following this, and now that you understand how to create this type of assignment step by step, we will give an example of a journal article criticism to assist you have a better sense of what the end product should look like.

Examining Equity in Ontario is a review of the article by the same name. An Examination of Equity Policies Across School Boards in the Province

“When something is not acknowledged, the educational system is unable to handle it” (Shewchuk, and Cooper 942). Ontario, a province in Canada, recognizes this and has developed an initiative and laws to increase fairness in its educational institutions, among other things. The Equity and Inclusive Education (EIE) approach has been implemented as a means of achieving this goal. The practical goal of the EIE plan is to ensure that all students in Ontario receive an inclusive education in which there are no biases, impediments, or power dynamics that limit their learning opportunities. To be supportive of their educational system, an administration must first acknowledge that there is an issue, and then commit to finding a solution to it. It is necessary, however, to conduct adequate study and develop policy guidelines in order to ensure that policies and strategies are inclusive of potential concerns and leave opportunity for future expansion. The processes that have been developed are religiously flexible, anti-discriminatory, and hostile to any form of harassment. The policy should include a good implementation strategy, as well as a process for reviewing and monitoring its effectiveness. Ontario has done precisely that, and the objective of this article is to assess how well the equity program has been implemented in the province in an effort to promote equity in educational opportunities for all students.”

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how to write a persuasive essay

Best Tips on How to Write an Body Paragraph

Wondering how to write an body paragraph? You are at the right place. The body of an essay is the lengthiest section. This is the section in which you guide the reader through your ideas, giving arguments and evidence in support of your thesis statement. The body of the essay is always broken up into paragraphs.

You can work your way through the body in three stages: first, second, and third.

  • Make a rough outline of what you want to say and in what order you want to express it.
  • Produce a first draft in order to get your essential points down on paper first.
  • Write a second draft to clarify your points of view and ensure that everything is cohesively organized.

This post will provide you with some useful pointers on how to approach each stage.

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Body paragraphs

When organizing your paper, make sure to transition from basic information to specific information as quickly as possible. Always start with the broadest possible variety of facts at the top of the inverted pyramid, and as the paragraph or paper advances the author becomes more and more focused on the argument until he or she ends with precise, comprehensive evidence to support the assertion. The author then goes on to explain how and why the information she has just supplied is related to and supports her thesis (a brief wrap-up or warrant).


In order to be considered good, a paragraph should contain at least four of the following elements: A transition sentence, topic sentence, specific evidence and analysis, and a brief wrap-up sentence (sometimes known as a warrant) are all necessary components of TTEB!

  • A transition sentence is a sentence that leads in from a preceding paragraph to ensure that the reader has a smooth reading experience. This serves as a transition from one thought to the next, effectively.
  • A topic sentence informs the reader of the subject matter that will be discussed in the paragraph.
  • Specific evidence and analysis that supports one of your statements and that goes into greater depth than your topic phrase
  • A concise conclusion phrase that explains how and why the information presented in the article contributes to the study’s thesis. The concise conclusion is frequently referred to as the warrant. In your argument, the warrant is critical since it relates your reasoning and support to your thesis, as well as demonstrating that the information in the paragraph is relevant to your thesis and assists you in defending it.



Inductive reasoning is a style of reasoning in which specific facts are used to reach a more general conclusion. The induction method is a method of writing in which you express your thesis (which is actually the conclusion you have reached after considering all of the data) and then support your thesis with facts. Taken from Dorothy U. Seyler’s Understanding Argument, the following is an illustration of inductive reasoning:


Smith’s lifeless body can be found here. According to the coroner’s office, Smith was shot in his bedroom between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 2:00 a.m. on December 28th. Smith was shot in the leg with a pistol of caliber.32. Jones’ fingerprints were found on the pistol that was left in the bedroom. On the night of Smith’s death, Jones was observed entering the Smith residence by a neighbor at approximately 11:00 p.m.” Smith and Jones were arguing in Smith’s office the morning of the day Smith died, according to a coworker who overheard their conversation.

Jones was responsible for Smith’s death.

Here’s an example in bullet style, to illustrate what I mean:

Jones was responsible for Smith’s death.

According to the evidence, Jones’ gun was used to shoot Smith, Jones was seen entering the crime site, Jones and Smith had argued earlier in the day, and Smith died as a result.

Assumption: Because the facts are representative, rather than individual events, they reflect a pattern, which supports the conclusion reached.

DEDUCTION When you employ deduction in an argument, you start with generic premises and work your way up to a specific conclusion or conclusion. When reasoning deductively, there is a specific pattern that you must adhere to. Syllogistic reasoning is the term used to describe this pattern (the syllogism). The process of syllogistic reasoning (deduction) is divided into three stages:

The most important premise

Premises that aren’t that important


It is necessary to believe that the relationship between the two premises leads logically to the conclusion in order for the syllogism (deduction) to be successful. To illustrate deduction or syllogistic reasoning, consider the following two examples:


The fact that all men are mortal is a major point.

Minor point: Socrates is a human being.

Socrates is a mortal being, as we have seen.


The following is a major premise: Great leaders are those who operate with courage and clarity of purpose when faced with adversity.

Minor point: Lincoln was a person who, when faced with adversity, displayed courage and a clear sense of purpose.

Conclusion: Abraham Lincoln was an outstanding leader.

To make deduction work in the case of Socrates, you must first agree that (1) all men are mortal (i.e., they all die) and (2) Socrates is a man in order for it to work. You cannot draw any logical conclusions if you disagree with either of these premises. Validation of the Socrates example isn’t that difficult to accomplish. Nevertheless, when you go into more muddy waters (when you use terms such as courage, clear purpose, and great), the relationships become increasingly hazy.

Some historians, for example, could argue that Lincoln didn’t really come into his own until a few years into the Civil War, following a string of Union defeats at the hands of Southern leaders such as Robert E. Lee.

An excellent illustration of incorrect deduction is provided below:

The following is a major premise: All dogs make excellent pets.

Doogle is a dog, which is a minor point.

Doogle will make a wonderful pet, in conclusion.

Because not all dogs make good pets, the conclusion that Doogle will make a nice pet is in error.


When a premise in a syllogism is not present, the syllogism is transformed into an enthymeme (see below). While enthymemes can be extremely successful in argumentation, they can also be unethical and lead to incorrect conclusions when used improperly. Enthymemes are frequently used by authors to influence their audiences. As an illustration of an enthymeme, consider the following sentence:

If you have a plasma television, you are not considered to be poor.

The stated premise of the enthymeme is expressed in the first portion of the enthymeme (If you have a plasma TV). The conclusion is provided by the second portion of the statement (you are not impoverished). As a result, the unstated premise is that “only wealthy people own plasma televisions.” People who own plasma TVs are not impoverished, according to the enthymeme above, which is incorrect because there are plenty of people who own plasma TVs who are poor, as evidenced by the example above. Consider the following enthymeme in the context of a syllogistic structure:

People who purchase plasma televisions are wealthy, according to a major theory (unstated above).

Minor point: you are the proud owner of a plasma television.

In conclusion, you are not impoverished.

To further appreciate how induction and deduction can be used in conjunction to construct a strong argument, you may wish to look at the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America. Throughout the Declaration, the first portion is comprised of a sequence of syllogisms, while the middle section is comprised of an inductive list of examples. Bringing the first and second sections together in a powerful climax, the final section ties everything together.

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The 7 Best Tips on How to Write Hypothesis Example

how to write hypothesis example is a common question among students across the globe. A hypothesis is a statement that presents a research question and makes a prediction about the outcome of the inquiry. It is an essential component of the scientific method and serves as the foundation for scientific experiments. Consequently, when developing your hypothesis, you must be meticulous and methodical in your approach. The presence of a slight mistake in the design of your hypothesis could have a negative impact on the outcome of your experiment.

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The Characteristics of a Good Hypothesis That Everyone Should Know

Because a research hypothesis is a precise, testable prediction about what you expect to happen in a study, you may want to explore generating research hypotheses from previously published research that is based on the theory that you are using.

More effort is required to develop a good research hypothesis rather than simply making a guess. In particular, your hypothesis may be based on a question that can be investigated further through background study before being tested.

To assist you in developing a viable study hypothesis, you should ask yourself the following questions:

  • Is the wording clear and focused? Is the tone appropriate?
  • Which relationship exists between your theory and the issue of your investigation?
  • Is your hypothesis one that can be tested? If so, what is the procedure?
  • What are some of the probable explanations that you might wish to look into more thoroughly?
  • Is your hypothesis based on both an independent and a dependent variable, or just one?
  • Are you able to change your variables without jeopardizing the integrity of your research?

The questions stated above can be used as a checklist to ensure that your hypothesis is built on a solid basis before proceeding. Furthermore, it can assist you in identifying flaws in your hypothesis and revising it if necessary to make it stronger.

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Types of Hypotheses for Scientific Investigation

Hypotheses for research can be divided into seven categories, which are as follows:

1. A Straightforward Hypothesis

It is used to forecast the relationship between a single dependent variable and a single independent variable in a single-factor model.

2. Hypothesis with a lot of moving parts

It makes predictions about the link between two or more independent and dependent variables (also known as dependent variables).

3. Hypothesis with a directional arrow

It is taken from theory and provides the predicted direction that should be followed in order to identify the relationship between two variables. Furthermore, it entails the intellectual commitment of the researcher to a specific outcome.  

4. Hypothesis with no clear direction

However, it does not provide a prediction as to the precise direction or type of the link between the two variables. It is necessary to utilize a non-directional hypothesis when there is no underlying theory or when the findings contradict earlier research.

5. Associative and Causal Hypotheses

The associative hypothesis is a definition of interdependence among variables. A change in one variable causes a change in the other variable as a result of that change. The causal hypothesis, on the other hand, posits that the independent variable has an influence on the dependent as a result of the manipulation of the independent variable.

6. The Null Hypothesis is a hypothesis that does not exist.

To corroborate the researcher’s conclusions that there is no association between two variables, it offers a negative statement.

7 Alternate Hypothesis

It asserts that there is a relationship between the two variables of the study and that the findings are important in respect to the research issue under consideration.

Formulating an Effective Research Hypothesis is a skill that can be learned.

A tested hypothesis is not a straightforward assertion. An elaborate statement, it must provide a clear introduction to a scientific investigation, as well as the experiment’s aims and the results that could result from it. In order to construct a persuasive hypothesis, there are several considerations that must be taken into account.

In your own words, describe the problem that you are attempting to tackle.

Make certain that the hypothesis explains the issue and the emphasis of the experiment in clear and understandable terms.

Write the hypothesis as an if-then statement to make it easier to understand.

Follow the steps in this template: If a given action is conducted, then a specific result can be predicted as a result.

Define the variables in your program.

Independent variables are those that can be manipulated, controlled, or otherwise altered in some way. Independent variables are variables that are apart from the other elements in the study.

Dependent variables, as the name implies, are variables that are dependent on other variables in the study. It has an impact on them since it affects the independent variable.

Examples of Independent and Dependent Variables in a Hypothesis: Example 1: The bigger the number of coal plants in a region (independent variable), the greater the amount of water pollution in the region (dependent variable).

If you modify the independent variable (e.g., by expanding coal mining operations), the dependent variable will change as well (amount of water pollution).

What is the effect of diet or regular soda (independent variable) on blood sugar levels (dependent variable) in the second case study?

If you change the independent variable (the sort of soda you drink), the dependent variable (the amount of soda you drink) will vary as well (blood sugar levels)

You should not overlook the significance of the steps listed above. The validity of your experiment and the interpretation of its results are dependent on the existence of a viable testable hypothesis. There are few benefits to developing a strong testable hypothesis, save that it forces us to think deeply and carefully about the implications of a study’s findings. Therefore, it assists us in comprehending the implications of the inquiry as well as the various variables that are considered in the research. Furthermore, it allows us to make more exact forecasts based on previous research findings. As a result, developing a hypothesis would be extremely beneficial to the investigation. Here are some excellent instances of hypotheses that can be tested.

More importantly, you must develop a research hypothesis that can be tested in order to conduct successful scientific investigations. The term “testable hypothesis” refers to a theory that may be proven or disproven as a consequence of experimental evidence.

Having a Testable Hypothesis is Very Important

If you want to design and conduct an experiment using the scientific method, you must first ensure that your hypothesis can be tested. Some essential requirements must be met in order for a hypothesis to be called testable:

In order for the hypothesis to be true, there must be a way to demonstrate it.

If the hypothesis is wrong, there must be a way to demonstrate that it is false.

In order to be valid, the hypothesis’s results must be repeatable.

The hypothesis and the outcomes will be ambiguous if these conditions are not followed. A substantial conclusion will not be drawn from the experiment as a result..

What have been your previous experiences with developing hypotheses for scientific studies and experiments? What obstacles did you have to overcome? What strategies did you use to overcome these difficulties? Please let us know what you think in the comments section of this post. You can also check out our Q&A forum, where you can get answers to frequently asked questions about various areas of research writing and publishing from our staff, which includes subject-matter specialists, eminent researchers, and publication experts, among other people.

Components of a Hypothesis

A hypothesis, like other words and assertions, contains major components that play a crucial part in determining whether or not it is persuasive. When conducting academic research, it is critical to get familiar with these components. The following are the several components of the hypothesis that must be considered: (return to the top)

What is the best way to write a hypothesis?

Writing a hypothesis is a procedure that is similar to that of writing any other formal or academic assignment. Although there are no fixed rules to follow when formulating a hypothesis, there are some guidelines to keep in mind. However, it is essential that you take a few measures in order to ensure that your statement is of high quality. Taking these steps will make it easy for you to build a compelling hypothesis that will serve as a wonderful guide for your study.

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The technique for writing a hypothesis

  1. Create a question for yourself.

 When drafting a hypothesis, the first step is to formulate a research question that you hope to have answered by the end of your investigation. The question that you will construct should be specific, focused, and researchable within the confines of your assignment’s time frame and resources.

 2. Carry out a preliminary investigation

The initial answer to your research topic will be spontaneous and will be based on prior knowledge of the subject matter that you have. Look for theories and facts that will help you build a foundational assumption that you will then test further. A researcher can construct a conceptual framework to identify the variables and the relationships between them at this stage of developing a hypothesis.

3) Formulate an initial rough hypotheses

Create a preliminary statement about the available knowledge to give you a sense of what you may expect from your study. Create a list of possible answers to this unstructured question and convey them in a clear and coherent statement.

 4. Refine the statement that has been made

You should modify your statement and turn it into a testable hypothesis now that you have a draft statement in hand. There are a variety of ways to structure your hypothesis, however you can arrange your statement so that it includes all of the components. Make certain that your revised statement includes the following elements: Variables that are relevant The people that are being investigated The anticipated outcome of a research or experimental study

5.  Phrasing the Hypothesis is the fifth step

 There are three possible formulations for the hypothesis. Choose a phrase pattern based on the requirements of the research and the type of topic you are working in. Make use of a simple prediction pattern in the “if…then” format to frame the hypothesis and identify the variables. Organize your hypothesis statement so that the independent variable is presented first, followed by the dependent variable. When constructing a hypothesis for academic study, you have the option of using the terms correlation and effect. The expected association between the two variables is presented in this manner straight to the reader. If the statement makes a comparison between two groups, the hypothesis can be paraphrased by expressing the predicted difference between the two groups.

6. Create a Null Hypothesis to test your hypothesis.

 For research that relies on statistical testing of the hypothesis, you will need to submit a null hypothesis as part of your findings. The null hypothesis asserts that there is no relationship or association between the two variables under consideration. (return to the top) megaphone Paper Due? What’s the point of suffering? That is our responsibility! More information can be found by clicking here. What is the best way to write a null hypothesis?

Generally speaking, hypotheses can be divided into two categories: null hypotheses and alternative hypotheses. A null hypothesis argues that there is no difference between certain features of a population, whereas an alternative hypothesis states that there is a difference between certain characteristics of a population.

 So, how exactly does a null hypothesis function? The following is a step-by-step procedure for developing a null hypothesis. The analyst will develop two hypotheses and put them through their paces. Following that, he develops an analysis strategy and determines the methods by which those hypotheses will be tested.

The sample data, as well as the hypotheses, are examined and analyzed in this section. The final stage is to examine the data collected and determine whether or not the null hypothesis is right or incorrectly predicted. Alternative hypotheses, in addition to null analysis, are also considered. An alternative hypothesis is the polar opposite of the null hypothesis, and they are completely separate from one another.

What kinds of sources should I include in my Hypothesis and how should I do so?

 When creating a hypothesis for a research project, it is critical to seek out reputable and relevant sources of information to support your claims. These sources must be checked by a researcher in order to determine the reliability and validity of your core notion. You might be wondering which sources would be the most appropriate for your theory. Here are some suggestions.

  • Find relevant phenomena that are similar to yours and evaluate theme
  • Evaluate the research and observations that have been made in the past
  • Analyze what the current state of the idea has to say about it Investigate the thoughts and perspectives of the competition.
  • Examine and evaluate scientific theories Investigate the patterns that impact people and their way of thinking in greater depth (back to top) megaphone

Paper Due? What’s the point of suffering? That is our responsibility! More information can be found by clicking here. Hypotheses are classified into several categories. Hypotheses can be classified into several sorts, depending on the topic and the research methods used to gather data.

When writing a research paper, it is critical to be familiar with all of the different categories in order to develop a compelling and relevant hypothesis. Listed below are the six most common sorts of hypotheses: An independent and dependent variable are both shown to be related by a simple hypothesis, which is a statement that demonstrates the existence of a relationship between the two variables.

 Exercising, for example, can assist you in losing weight more quickly. Exercising is an independent variable in this case, but losing weight is a dependent variable.

Hypothesis with Multiple Dependent and Independent Variables – A complicated hypothesis describes a relationship between two or more dependent and independent variables.

Exercising and eating enough of veggies, for example, can help you lose weight and prevent other dangerous diseases such as heart disease. In the field of research, a directed hypothesis refers to a declaration in which the researcher expresses his or her commitment to a specific outcome. Furthermore, the link between different variables predicts the nature of the variable. People who are sleep deprived for 24 hours, for example, will have more cold symptoms than those who oversleep, according to research.

Non-Directional Hypothesis – When there is no theory involved, a non-directional hypothesis is utilized. It illustrates the existence of a relationship between two variables without revealing the specific nature of the relationship. It is possible that there is no association between the two variables, which is referred to as the null hypothesis. In a similar vein, it asserted that there is insufficient knowledge to formulate a scientific hypothesis. This hypothesis is represented by the symbol ‘H0’. When the researcher rejects the null hypothesis, he produces an alternative hypothesis, which is a statement of fact. As the name implies, it is a counter-hypothesis to your null hypothesis that emphasizes the relationship between the two variables. It is designated by the letter ‘H1’. Associative and Causal Hypotheses –

 In an associative hypothesis, a change in one variable results in a difference in the other variable; in a causal hypothesis, a change in one variable causes a difference in the other variable. The causal hypothesis, on the other hand, is characterized by the presence of a cause and effect interaction between the two variables.

A Good Hypothesis Has the Following Characteristics Professional writers feel that a hypothesis possesses specific characteristics that enable it to get stronger and more successful over the course of time. These features are as follows: It is necessary for the hypothesis to be clear and explicit in order for it to be credible.

Choosing a hypothesis type that will state the link between the two variables should be self-explanatory if you have done your research. A strong hypothesis is particular and leaves room for further research and testing to be carried out in the future. The hypothesis must be explained in a straightforward manner. Keep in mind that the relevance of a hypothesis has nothing to do with how simple it is to formulate. Only a compelling hypothesis will persuade readers to read the complete document in its entirety.

 In order to conduct your research successfully, make sure that you carefully construct a hypothesis for your study. (return to the top) Examples of Hypotheses For those who are writing a paper for the first time, it is recommended that you look over several sample papers. It will assist you in comprehending the pattern in which you should be functioning at all times. Examples of how hypotheses are created for various research experiments are provided in the section below.

Need more on how to write hypothesis example?

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The Best Othello Summary of Act 1

Othello by William Shakespeare is a popular play across the globe. Othello summary of act 1 is a popular query in search engines by most students seeking to understand the play. Here is both the summary and analysis.

As they walk down a Venice street, Roderigo, a nobleman, and Iago, an old (and former captain) in the defensive forces, get into a heated disagreement. When Roderigo fell in love with the noble lady Desdemona, he paid great quantities of money to Iago, with the idea that Iago would give her things from him and laud him to her, he made a pact with him that he would give her gifts from him and praise him to her. Roderigo aspires to capture Desdemona’s affections and eventually marry her. They have, however, received word that Desdemona has fled her father’s house, Brabantio, a Senator, and eloped with Othello, a Moor (an African) who serves as a General in the defensive forces of the city.

Roderigo is concerned that he has lost both his lady and his money in the process. Iago confesses to Roderigo that it is in his (Iago’s) nature to plot and utter lies in order to obtain what he desires, and that he has devised a strategy to accomplish this goal. He resents Othello for elevating Cassio to the rank of lieutenant, which was a position that Iago had hoped to obtain for himself. Iago intends to bring about Othello’s demise, and Roderigo intends to seduce Desdemona. First and foremost, they must awaken Brabantio and raise a commotion. They bang and scream until Brabantio emerges from behind the balcony door. Brabantio becomes outraged when Iago informs him that Desdemona has fled with Othello, and he joins Roderigo in rousing the neighbors and organizing a search party for her.


Iago and Roderigo engage in a sort of squabble at the start of the play, which fulfills a number of functions as a result of its beginning. Its tone easily piques our interest, and it displays Iago’s cunning nature; he must make amends to Roderigo for failing to pique Desdemona’s interest in him while he was courting her. Because, after all, Iago plans to keep his hand in the pocket of this affluent nobleman’s wallet, which, according to Roderigo, “belongs to Iago as if the strings were thine” (3). In his apology to Roderigo, Iago maintains that he never imagined that the two would elope. “If ever I did dream of such a matter,” he continues, “Abhor me” (5-6).

However, we do not know exactly how long Iago has been taking advantage of Roderigo’s gullibility, but it is evident that Iago has little regard for Roderigo’s intelligence. The trickery he publicly employs to remain in Roderigo’s good graces is not even especially deft; for example, he tells Roderigo, “I am not what I am,” which is a transparent admission that “I am not what I am” (65). Aside from the fact that this phrase is a concise criticism of Iago, it also serves to emphasize that Roderigo has faith in this individual. As a result, Roderigo acquires a degree of our sympathy; he is a helpless character who is most likely being exploited by everyone, not only in this subject of deception.

More significant than piqueing our curiosity and establishing Iago’s basic character, however, is the fact that this opening scene establishes the fundamental ingredients of the tragedy’s struggle, including: It illustrates the depth of Iago’s animosity toward Othello. It is possible to have multiple perspectives on Iago’s thoughts for Othello in the play Othello. Iago had anticipated being promoted to Othello’s first lieutenant, and he informs Roderigo that three powerful Venetians (“Three big ones of the city”) had recommended him to Othello, which he believes is correct. But Othello picked Cassio, a man who is incompetent in the military, according to Iago, and whose selection is an affront to Iago’s demonstrated competence in the battlefield. Alternatively, it is possible that Iago was never in contender for the position and that he concocts the entire set of circumstances, including the unidentified “great ones,” in order to persuade Roderigo of his hatred for Othello. It is supported by the fact that none of the other characters, including Othello and Emilia (Iago’s wife), ever discuss or allude to these facts, and that Iago himself never mentions them again beyond the first act.

Iago goes on to point out to Roderigo that Cassio, the newly appointed lieutenant, is not a true soldier, which Roderigo takes exception to. Iago claims that Othello is not even a Venetian, which is true, but, of course, Othello is not a Venetian either. Cassio is a Florentine, Iago reminds Roderigo, and this is a devastating term that condemns the city’s reputation as a gathering of financiers and bookkeepers, as is the case with the rest of the play. According to Iago, Cassio’s knowledge of the battlefield is derived from textbooks; in other words, he is a student of combat rather than a practitioner of it. In fact, Iago claims that even a spinster is more knowledgeable about the “division of a fight” (23) than this “bookish theoric” (24). Consider the contrast between this appraisal of Cassio’s military abilities and the one Iago makes when he is speaking to Montano, “He [Cassio] is a soldier fit to stand by Caesar / And to offer guidance” (II, iii, 122).

Iago is irritated by the fact that he is Othello’s ancient — that is, his ensign. Furthermore, there is nothing that Iago can do to change the situation: “there is no remedy for this” (35). He recognizes that “preference is determined by letter and affection” (36) rather than by “ancient gradation” (37) and that “preference is determined by letter and affection” (36) (the traditional order of society). However, he will continue to appear to “serve” Othello in order to “serve [his] turn against him” at some point in the future (42). Iago, on the other hand, is not interested in simple vengeance. Given the intensity and depth of his animosity toward Othello, as well as his desire and willingness to completely destroy him, he requires a more compelling motivation than the fact that he was passed over for this position. That reason may be traced back to the racist prejudices expressed by the people in this scenario, as seen by their dialogues, references, and defamatory imagery. Despite the fact that Iago is consumed by his hatred for Othello, his intentions are secondary to the plot and underlying themes of the play than the repercussions of his diabolical actions. The character of Iago is revealed to Roderigo and the audience in this scene. He is revealed to be a self-seeking, spiteful guy who will use any means necessary to achieve his “peculiar end” (60).

Othello is first identified as racist by Roderigo, who refers to him as “the thick-lips” (66). Later, Iago expresses dissatisfaction with Roderigo’s ability to incense Brabantio by referring to Othello as “an old black ram” (88), who “is tupping your white ewe” (89) (Desdemona), “a Barbary horse” (111), and “the la (126). After having informed Roderigo that he is not a suitable suitor for Desdemona, Brabantio learns that his daughter has eloped with Othello and exclaims to Roderigo, “O, that you had had her! “. Othello’s sudden preference for Roderigo over Othello, who has already been demonstrated to be somewhat of a fool, has no evident or logical basis at this point in the play or at any point in the play other than the constantly hinted racism.

According to Brabantio, Roderigo should “not haunt around my doors” (96), because “my girl is not for thee” (98). In this way, another aspect of the issue is revealed to be true. Roderigo is more than simply a wealthy, love-sick suitor who is willing to give Iago handsome sums of money in exchange for assisting him in his pursuit of the senator’s daughter. In the play, Roderigo has been rejected by Brabantio as a potential suitor for Desdemona’s hand in marriage — a fact that draws an interesting parallel between Iago’s denial of his opportunity to become Othello’s lieutenant and Roderigo’s denial of his opportunity to become a recognized suitor of Desdemona. As a result, rejection and vengeance are two of the most powerful factors in this tragedy.

After realizing that Roderigo will never be able to raise the ire of Desdemona’s father sufficiently, Iago interjected his patron and heaped further insults on Othello, causing him to flee the stage. Despite this, and this is significant, Iago has not implicated Othello as the perpetrator, as the guy who kidnapped Desdemona and eloped with her, as of yet. For example, Iago announces that Desdemona is currently being mounted by a “Barbary horse” in one of his speeches (112). According to him, the nephews of Brabantio will neigh, and in the same way, Brabantio’s relatives will be “gennets” (113). (black Spanish horses). But he has not named Othello by name, nor does he emphasize that Othello is the General of Venice who has absconded with Brabantio’s daughter, as he did in the previous scene. Because of Iago’s failure to recognize Othello, this lapse of judgment has severe consequences. Brabantio appears stupid and unintelligent, allowing Iago to continue cursing Othello’s so-called wicked nature and, in the process, expose the depths of his (Iago’s) own corruptness to the audience.

Iago’s brash declarations and Roderigo’s timorous apologies for reawakening Brabantio ultimately have the desired effect on the situation. When Iago and Roderigo speak, Brabantio understands what they are saying and, in fact, recalls a dream in which a similar calamity was foreshadowed. Dreams and omens of this nature are typical in literature from this period, and they give the impression that fate is somehow involved in the sad events that are going to unfold.

Just as Brabantio is getting ready to take action, calling for more lights and rousing members of his household, Iago slips away without saying anything, but not before expressing his motivations: To be successful, Iago’s manipulations must not be made public; in order for his schemes to be successful, he must “show out [a] flag and symbol of affection, / Which is indeed but sign,” as Othello says, “which is indeed but sign” (157-158). As a result, he will be able to maintain his excellent standing with Othello. As a result, he must return to his unit and rejoin his commander.

In addition to serving to remind us of Iago’s hazardous and devilish deceit, this speech also serves to teach us of the importance of Othello to the city of Venice. It is Othello who is regarded as a higher public figure, one who will be summoned to put an end to the Cyprian wars and a man on whose safety the Venetian state is dependent. This reality is reflected in Iago’s remark that “another of his fathom they have none / To steer their enterprise” (another of his fathom they have none) (153-154). A man of high rank and honor, Othello is deserving of the title “tragic hero.” As a result, Othello is a tragic hero in the traditional sense of the term.

Othello summary of act 1

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It has never been easier to place your order. Fill in the initial requirements in the small order form located on the home page and press “continue” button to proceed to the main order form or press “order” button in the header menu. Starting from there let our system intuitively guide you through all steps of ordering process.


All your payments are processed securely through PayPal. This enables us to guarantee a 100% security of your funds and process payments swiftly.


Next, we match up your order details with the most qualified freelance writer in your field.


Once we have found the most suitable writer for your assignment, they start working on a masterpiece just for you!


Once finished, your final paper will be available for download through your personal dashboard. You will also receive an email notification with a copy of your paper attached to it. Sometimes, the writer may leave a note for you about the order in case there is any additional information that they need to give you.

othello summary of act 1

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Fascinating Tips on How to Come Up With an Essay Title: 100% Score

What is the importance of choosing a good title for an essay and how to come up with an essay title?

A dull headline does not pique the interest of the reader at all. This should draw the attention of your teacher or reader and encourage them to continue reading the rest of your paper. A teacher will not be able to grade a piece objectively unless they have read the complete piece. A compelling attention grabber is essential while writing an essay, as it is one of the first things that readers will notice about your work.

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how to come up with an essay title

The process of naming an essay differs from the process of titling a research article. An essay is more concerned with capturing the attention of and impressing its readers. A research report is concerned with demonstrating the validity of a certain claim or identifying solutions to a current problem.

Every student should be aware of the importance of selecting an appropriate title for an essay. First and foremost, brainstorming is necessary. It’s important to remember when brainstorming that your goal is to elicit the reaction of “Oh my gosh, I want to read the full narrative.” When a reader reads the title, they should have a good idea of what the paper is about. The title serves as a succinct summary of the major topic of discussion. What is the maximum length of a title for an essay? Although less is always more in this case, your title should nonetheless convey the main theme of your work.

Let’s take a closer look at the characteristics that every title should have before we start organizing our thoughts. The following is an example of an excellent headline:

It goes without saying that you should be attractive. We would all want to read something that is not monotonous.

Truly credible – most students attempt to make their titles catchy in such a way that they wander from the facts, resulting in the headline being erroneous. Nothing will make your professor more enraged than a title that does not live up to its promise.

Simple to read – no one, not even your professor, enjoys reading titles that are convoluted and difficult to comprehend. Stay away from unusual terms, jargon, and convoluted sentence structures when writing.

Active voice – if your title contains verbs, make sure they’re written in the active voice rather than the passive voice to avoid confusion.

Avoid using large headlines in your essay title because they can be confusing.

Here are some additional guidelines for creating an effective title:

Every section of writing should be labeled as follows:

  • Create fascinating subheadings during the writing process to give your paragraphs a sense of their own personality. Additionally, they help to make your writing appear more organized and clear.
  • The title of the text must reflect the main idea of the work: select a title that effectively summarizes the essay
  • With a few exceptions, all nouns should be capitalized: Make sure to capitalize the first letter of every word in the title, but don’t forget to leave out the pronouns, articles, prepositions, and conjunctions from the title.
  • It is best not to underline the title: Because subjects are in boldface, underlining them will result in an overemphasis of the subject. Some authorities believe that if you must underline anything, you should not bold it.
  • Examine the finalized version of the title, which is: Please remember to conduct a brief review of the final version of the title—checking for grammar, structure, spelling, and other mistakes. Review it to see if the title is accurate in describing the content of the article. Check to see if your topic is interesting enough to hold the attention of your reader.
  • When including a colon in your title, make sure to follow these guidelines: Due to the fact that we are discussing punctuation rules, let us talk about the colon. When you have two attention-grabbing themes, you should divide them with a colon.
  • Accurate – Regardless of the topic or niche, you should never, ever compose an essay title that is incorrect or misleading.

Guide for Students on How to Come Up with a Good Title for an Essay

Although titling an article can be straightforward, there are a few fundamental criteria to keep in mind. The following pointers will assist you in staying on course and avoiding any common stumbling blocks.

First and foremost, the essay must be written.

Never begin with a title or a phrase! Putting it first will ensure that it is built on top of everything else, and the opposite should be true if you put it last. Writing an essay before deciding on a heading will provide you with a clear understanding of what should make sense to the reader and what should not. The finished paper should be re-read numerous times before selecting a title.

The last item to construct is a title; by following this technique, you will have more time to devote to developing an essay structure, performing research, or composing the paper itself.

Take into consideration the format of your paper.

What exactly is it that you’re writing about? Was your work written in a formal academic manner, or was it more free-form, such as a narrative essay? If the topic of your essay is “Do persons who commit horrific crimes deserve the death penalty?” then your thesis statement should be “Yes.” Unlike other titles, yours should not be amusing; it should be direct and to the point.

If your topic is “Why do people enjoy watching hilarious cat videos?” feel free to come up with a humorous title for your paper. Determine the tone of your essay and build your title on it—while keeping the topic of your essay in mind.

The tone can be set as follows:

  • “The Consequences of Global Warming” is a serious topic.
  • “How cats and dogs love their masters” is a humorous piece.
  • “How to deal with depression,” says Amiable.
  • Persuasive – “Why positive thinking is a must-have ability for every person” Persuasive – “How to be more productive at work”
  • “Ten rules for making a chemical at home” is an informative article.

Keep it short and to the point.

The primary objective of a title is to identify the paper it refers to. The title does not need to explain the entire story, nor does it need to include any superfluous information. In a few sentences, summarize your entire paper! Another method of accomplishing this is to summarize your thesis statement, which reflects the central idea of your essay. Take your thesis and condense it into three or four words. Consider the following scenario: you are designing a title for your favorite newspaper or a Coca-Cola tagline.

Make Use of Relevant Words

Don’t use euphemisms or jargon! To save time, select two or three main words (keywords), group them together, and then stop. Keep jargon and abbreviations to a minimum.

Incorporate a Small Amount of SEO

Search engine optimization (SEO) is something that can assist any student or young writer who is willing to put in the effort. While brainstorming for a title, look for words that are related to the paper’s key argument. Enter the words into the Google search area and follow them with the word “quote.” A search engine will return a large number of web sites that contain in-text quotations that may be valuable. Choose the segment that appeals to you. It is feasible to discover how to come up with a unique title for an essay in this manner.

Final Recommendations

Here are a few more suggestions from industry professionals:

Don’t forget to ask yourself the following questions before writing your title: What, Who, When, How, Why, and Where? (If you begin with one of these questions, your title has a better chance of being recognized);

Come up with an unexpected image that is not related to the topic you’ve chosen.

Starting with a lie might sometimes improve the likelihood that a title will be able to attract the attention of the reader;

Take a look at some of our catchy essay title examples.

Essay Titles That Are Bad vs. Good

The most effective essay titles take entire papers and condense them into a few phrases. In order to produce a decent one, a writer must think about their stylistic choices as well as the organization of their essay. To demonstrate what distinguishes a good from a terrible essay title, the following samples are provided by a professional essay writer.

The Bad: How Television Has Changed Our World – It’s too long and doesn’t provide enough information.

A good introduction to the topic of the essay is The Electronic Babysitter: A Social History of the Uses of Television – it provides a clear overview of what the article will be about.

The Ara Pacis Augustae is difficult to understand for those who do not know Latin.

GOOD: The Modern Historical Significance of the Ara Pacis Augustae to the City of Rome – The reader now has a clear understanding of what they will be reading about in the following section.

BAD: The Most Poisonous Frog – This isn’t explained well enough.

GOOD: A Deadly Beauty: The Evolution of Skin Coloration and Toxicity in the Poison Dart Frog – It’s crystal clear. BAD: A Deadly Beauty: The Evolution of Skin Coloration and Toxicity in the Poison Dart Frog – It’s not crystal clear.

BAD: A Brief History of Subcultures and How They Manifest Themselves in a Constantly Changing Socio-Economic Environment – A brief history of subcultures and how they manifest themselves in a constantly changing socio-economic environment. It’s far too long and complicated to read.

RECONSIDERING COUNTERCULTURE IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY – This article is sufficiently informative, concise, and to the point.

Inappropriate language. BAD: The Little Mermaid 29 Years Later: Selling a Harmful Sexist Message Through a Vibrant and Attractive Image – Selling a Harmful Sexist Message Through a Vibrant and Attractive Image

It is OK to use appropriate language while referring to the projection of gender stereotypes in The Little Mermaid.

Ineffective titles fail to provide an audience with a sense of context. They are frequently overly broad and, as a result, inadequate. Including important information and a clear structure in a title will make it more helpful and persuasive.

After learning how to write an essay title, it’s time to move on to reviewing some examples of essay titles written by others.

Mistakes to Stay Away From

  1. Negative themes, sensitive situations, and unethical or immoral matters should be avoided at all costs.
  2. Avoid bringing your negative past into the open: Because your unpleasant experiences are personal to you as a student, they do not belong in your written work.
  3. Ask the proper questions: If you fail to ask the right questions that are pertinent to your field of study, you run the risk of selecting a topic that is irrelevant to you.
  4. Stay away from becoming overly personal: As previously stated, your troubled history is your responsibility; so, avoid bringing it up in your essay. Keep your essay professional by without mentioning any details about your personal life. Don’t forget about the requirements set forth by your teacher: Make certain that you grasp the requirements of your professor; if you don’t, you may wind up selecting the incorrect topic. It may result in a poor grade for you, as well as frustration and a waste of your time on the assignment.

Examples of Captivating Essay Titles

Below are some excellent titles for essays that you can use as inspiration when coming up with your own topic.

  • Titles for Argumentative Essays, as Examples
  • The Importance of Having Strong Family Ties
  • Prostitution should never be permitted to operate on a legal basis.
  • Examining the Trojan Horse from a Different Perspective
  • What it really is is a painting: When Art Matters, the Drinking Age Should Be Raised.
  • Sentences for juveniles are a complete waste of time.
  • Gun ownership is permitted in order to protect our lives.
  • What do you think: Are public-sector cameras a good security measure or a violation of your privacy?
  • What is it about cosmetic surgery that poses a threat to modern-day teenagers?
  • Euthanasia is unethical for several reasons.
  • Several Examples of Persuasive Essay Headlines
  • Atheism is the religion that is the most adequate.
  • It is when Sorrow is more pleasant than Excitement.
  • A Year in the Life of an Introvert: It is preferable to be alone in life than to be with other people.
  • Why You Should Avoid Flowers in the Springtime, Based on a Love Story and Allergies
  • Never make a snap judgment about a coworker based on their tattoos.
  • Illegal immigrants have the right to remain in the United States.
  • Nothing less than the death penalty should be applied to heinous crimes.
  • Instructional Video Games in the Learning Process: What Schools Can Do
  • It is past time for women to begin dressing in less-revealing clothing in order to reduce male catcalling.
  • The Advantages and Disadvantages of Hiring a Candidate Who Smokes

Titles for Creative Essays: Some Examples

  • The day I left my childhood behind The Power of Music: How Heavy Metal Changed My Life Why Buffy the Vampire Slayer is My Hero Why Buffy the Vampire Slayer is My Hero
  • What is the appropriate age to begin talking about sexuality? Would children be better students if they were compensated for good grades?
  • In what year did the personal computer first appear on the scene?
  • Which Parenting Styles Are Effective?
  • The Different English Dialects: A Guide to the Language The Link That Connects Two Different Worlds
  • How Same-Sex Relationships Have Influenced Today’s Society
  • Instagram’s Influence on Young People is well documented.
  • Illustrations of catchy essay titles
  • Elon Musk: Is he a genius or a lunatic?
  • Artificial Intelligence and Humanity: How It Has the Potential to Help or Destroy Us
  • Modern technology has the ability to resolve ancient problems that have existed for thousands of years.
  • When it comes to virtual reality, the possibility of time travel is a distinct possibility.
  • After years of conflict, North and South Korea have come to terms with one another.
  • History of mathematics and its place in the history of humanity
  • Real Estate Business: How to Make It Big in the Industry
  • Bringing up Responsible Children in the Twenty-First Century and Raising them to be Happy
  • Manage your business like a Mafia boss by following these steps:
  • How to Become a Millionaire in the Computer Age Without Having a Physical Business is a topic that has been discussed extensively.
  • Virtual Business Empire Worth Hundreds of Millions of Dollars in E-Commerce
  • Examples of Titles for Research Papers
  • The Importance of Cybersecurity in the Modern World
  • Bookstores can benefit from e-commerce in terms of developing new directions.
  • One’s moral principles taking precedence over one’s emotions
  • The Future of Online Retailing in the Twenty-First Century
  • Outsourcing for Massive Corporations
  • On Wall Street, there is a lot of white-collar crime.
  • College Admissions Policies in the United States of America
  • What Has Been the Impact of Quarantine on Small Businesses
  • High school students should plan ahead for their college education.
  • The Consequences of Homeschooling for Adolescents

Examples of Titles for College Essays

  • Homelessness is a significant issue in contemporary society.
  • Illegal Immigrants in the United States of America in 2020
  • Are we communicating differently as a result of mobile telephony?
  • Is it a good idea to read satirical and comedic news to be informed?
  • In what ways does “fake news” affect the media, and how does it affect the media in general?
  • Are there such things as “unbiased reporting,” and if so, how does one go about locating it?
  • What is the most appropriate role for news reporters in our digital age, and how should they go about fulfilling that role
  • Is it possible to reverse drug-induced brain damage, and if so, how?
  • The Effects of Marijuana on the Brain Can Learning to Do Lucid Dreaming Help You? Can Learning to Do Lucid Dreaming Help You?

English Essay Titles Examples

  • I remember the day I left my upbringing behind me.
  • The transformative power of music: How heavy metal altered my outlook on life
  • Why Buffy the Vampire Slayer is my favorite character
  • When is the right time to start talking about sex?
  • Would it be preferable for youngsters to be left alone when they are being compensated for their grades?
  • What is the true age of a personal computer in today’s society?
  • Which parenting techniques are effective?
  • There are several varieties of the English language: The link that connects two separate universes
  • The influence of same-sex couples on society in the modern era
  • Instagram has been hailed as a social media breakthrough.

how to come up with an essay title

Title creation is a process, and you should approach it as such. Even if you may write your essay as if you were a painter who has plenty of space, you must condense the entirety of your message and topic into a single basic, succinct, yet clear and appealing phrase while developing your title. You should take your time and avoid rushing through it, if your deadline permits you to do so.

Here are some factors you should keep in mind when writing your title:

  1. Your title should be something that draws the reader’s attention.
  2. It is consistent with the tone of your essay.
  3. Your readers must be able to comprehend the subject matter of your essay. It should include some of the most important keywords from your essay.

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Once finished, your final paper will be available for download through your personal dashboard. You will also receive an email notification with a copy of your paper attached to it. Sometimes, the writer may leave a note for you about the order in case there is any additional information that they need to give you.

how to come up with an essay title

how to write a persuasive essay

Quick 5 Tips on How to Write a Review on Movie

how to write a review on movie is a common question among college students. Everyone can find whatever they are looking for in a movie, whether it be humor, excitement, drama, love, a voyage back in time, or an alternate universe. As a result, writing a movie review appears to be one of the most engaging projects for the majority of college students. However, seeing a good film in the evening and watching it simply for the goal of writing a review are not nearly the same thing in terms of enjoyment. This essay is intended to educate you how to avoid making common mistakes when writing a movie review as well as how to write an amazing movie review.

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What Is a Movie Review and How to Write a Review on Movie?

Generally speaking, a movie review is a genre that falls in between art criticism and journalism. It is a complicated summary of films that have recently been released, usually created by a professional critic, that is used to assist in deciding which film to watch.

Professional reviews differ from those written by amateurs in that they are more structured, sharper, and more thorough, while at the same time being more concise in their terminology and presentation. Whenever you read a professional movie review, you can always expect to find knowledge of the film’s director(s), their prior works, and the previous films of other filmmakers, as well as a thorough understanding of the different film genres and classics for each of them, as well as filming techniques and contemporary trends.

However, you can find a plethora of reviews written by regular moviegoers, and these can often be more insightful and useful than reviews written by professional critics.

The Purpose of a Movie Review

Understanding the goal of a movie review is essential to writing a successful one…. So, when you’re writing, keep these objectives in mind:

Briefly describe the plot of the film. Share some information about the individuals, their relationships, and events that have occurred, but do not tell the entire story. It is not recommended that you watch the film after reading the review. However, you are free to highlight the most significant parts or turning points in the film that make it worthwhile to see.

In general, evaluate the picture, but also pay close attention to specific qualities such as acting, director’s work (including themes and musical selections), music, special effects, and special effects. Make a conclusion based on whether or not the major theme of the film was properly implemented. Make an effort to be objective and thorough in your evaluations.

Please express your thoughts. Describe your sentiments while viewing the movie and afterward, and be specific about what you enjoyed and didn’t like about the film. In order to allow readers to make their own conclusions, you should provide your general impression of the film based on examples, descriptions, and comparisons.

Please provide a recommendation. Although it is best not to be categorical, you should inform your readers about the film, including what they may expect and who could find it fascinating. Explain whether or whether it corresponds to the official film description and proclaimed genre, why it would be worth watching, and what its shortcomings are.

Keep the reader’s attention. Reading movie reviews is actually rather entertaining in and of itself. As a society, we’ve grown accustomed to using this feature before selecting a movie to watch. Make an effort to compose a review that is easy to read and in an engaging style.

Guide on How to Write a Review on Movie, Step by Step Instructions

It is possible that writing a movie review is not as difficult as it appears at first. This form of academic task is by no means the most difficult one to complete. While it does have its own unique characteristics, if you can master these characteristics, you will be successful.

It is essential that you be familiar with and comprehend the following elements of a good movie review before you begin writing your paper:

It gives bibliographic information; it communicates a clear and succinct description of the film in question; and it concludes with a call to action.

It offers a synopsis of the plot, which does not, however, contain any spoilers; and

He or she will identify and evaluate the major character(s), actors (if any), plot(s), themes (if any), conflicts (if any), and other details present in the film. He or she will also compare the film to other similar films; he or she will identify and evaluate the major strong and weak points (if any) of the film; he or she will give an overall evaluation of the film.

Another crucial point to be aware of when learning how to start a movie review is the proper structure that should be followed while completing such an assignment. The most important factor in completing your movie review successfully is good organization. A decent film review essay should follow a precise structure, style, and, most significantly, formatting guidelines, just like any other academic document should be followed.

Here are the most important things to remember about how to format your paper:

All sides should have 1-inch margins.

To begin, select a font that is both clear and readable (the ideal fonts are Times New Roman, Courier, or Bookman);

Change the font size to 12 point;

The title of the paper, as well as your name, should be in the center of the page.

After all is said and done, all that is required to write a successful movie review is that you follow the correct sequence of actions that will eventually lead you to your intended outcome. Throughout this section of our post, we’ll walk you through the process of writing a film review from start to finish.

Select a Motion Picture

You should carefully choose whatever movies you would like to evaluate if you are given the option. Most of us, I’m sure, would choose one of our favorite options. Though it is not required to provide a comment on the tone of the films you enjoy, you may choose to write about one that you dislike and explain why you dislike it. It’s possible that such an approach will be novel and refreshing, and that it will get you extra credit.

Watch the Motion Picture

Even if you’ve seen it a hundred times, it’s worth watching again to pick up on fresh subtleties and develop a greater understanding of the characters and their motivations. We recommend that you watch a film at least twice, if not three times, before deciding on it. When we see a movie for the first time, we tend to pay attention to the major characters, their storyline, and their emotions. Music, chronology, costumes, decorations, and settings, among other things, are frequently more noticeable when you see a movie or television show for the second time. All of these factors influence how you experience the film and how you formulate your critique.

Make a list of everything.

Keep a piece of paper and a pen close by in case you want to jot down any observations you make while viewing the video, or to jot down any thoughts you have while watching it or immediately after it. Whenever an idea occurs to you, write it down as soon as possible.

Investigate the Movie

Filming is a time-consuming and intricate process that involves a large number of people, which usually results in a tale that is worth telling in and of itself. Learn as much as you can about the situation. Is it a new scenario, a retelling of an old one, or a remake? Is the plot based on a novel of the same name? What was the available budget for this project? What has happened to the cast during the process? Pick out two or three of the most stunning facts about manufacturing and include them into your writing as evidence of your research.

Investigate the Film

Consider everything you witnessed during the film and write down your overall impressions of the film. Is there any sort of societal background in the picture? Who came up with the original concept for the film and how successful were the producers in putting it into action? Pay close attention to the way it was filmed and the techniques that were employed. Take, for example, the film Psycho, which was written and directed by Alfred Hitchcock and in which we can clearly see a peculiar zoom effect known as vertigo. Consider which actor has left the greatest lasting impression on you and why. Comparing current part to his or her past roles is a good idea. Discuss the movie you’ve picked with your friends or family in order to generate new ideas to support your point of view or to hear another point of view on the subject matter.

Create a Review Outline for your project.

A plan is always a smart idea, and it may account for as much as half of your overall performance. Make an overview of your work before you begin writing the real movie review in order to organize all of your thoughts and arguments. Continue reading to see an example of an outline for a movie review.

Think with a catchy title instead of “My review for Titanic,” which sounds uninteresting. Consider a title that is both exciting and impressive, such as “Why taking a cruise is not always a good decision.” Ensure that your readers are intrigued and want to read more.

Write a Review

The time has come for you to put everything together and write a review, now that you’ve completed your research and prepared your project. Put all of your thoughts and arguments together in one place, and adhere to the outline you created before. Make a general review of the film so that readers can understand what difficulties can occur as a result of it, but avoid giving away the ending because they may not have seen the film yet. Write down the major things that you liked and the main points that you didn’t like. Evidence and examples should be used to support your arguments. In your essay, discuss the film’s originality and contrast it with other films in the same genre, films that deal with the same subject matter, or films directed by the same individual.

Revise and polish your final draft

After you’ve finished writing your review, take a break. A brief pause before final reading and editing will allow you to approach the document with a fresh perspective on the subject matter. You should reread your work numerous times. Check for spelling and grammatical issues, as well as the order of the presentation, compliance with the outline and the professor’s requirements, and the format and style of the paper.

Outline of a film review

In every form of writing, structuring is incredibly important, and a movie review is no exception to this rule. A written outline will assist you in correctly organizing your thoughts, ensuring that you do not forget anything, and ultimately allowing you to write it more quickly. For your convenience, I’ve included an example outline:

Introduction: In this section, you must offer some general information about the film, such as the title, release date, principal actors, filmmakers, production firm, and budget for filmmaking.

The plot summary is as follows: This is a brief explanation of the movie’s plot, characters, and their interactions with one another.

An examination of the film, which includes:

The following plot aspects are examined: the starting point, the growing action, and the climax.

Dialogues, characters, use of colors, camera methods, mood, tone, symbolism, costumes, or anything else that contributes to or detracts from the overall plot are all subject to scrutiny.

Analysis of the issue and its implementation, including the viewers’ grasp of the topic, the significance of the theme, and comparison with other works that are similar to the topic.

Opinion. Your point of view, reinforced by examples and facts from the story, should be presented.

Conclusion. Indicate whether or whether the filmmaker was effective in accomplishing his or her goal. Explain how watching the movie aided you in developing a more in-depth understanding of the course topic (if applicable).

Form for a Brief Film Review

You should be able to achieve an exceptional grade even if you are only writing a single movie review after reading our complete guide and following the suggestions and actions outlined in this section. Consider the alternative: what if you know that you will be posting numerous evaluations in the future? In this scenario, we recommend that you construct a standardized movie review form (also known as a template), which will allow you to save time and be more successful in your future projects.

Templates should be formatted and organized in accordance with the usual rules of film review writing, with blank text areas left blank. Alternatively, you can look for a template on the Internet, which will save you even more precious time.

Elements of a Film Review

The title of the film or documentary – Just because your headline includes the title of the film or documentary does not imply that you should neglect to mention it in the body of the article. Always provide the title of the film you’ve seen in the initial paragraph of your essay. Despite the fact that it appears to be a silly argument to make, it is one of the most typical errors that students make.

A summary is provided in order to provide a brief overview of the documentary or movie for those who have not yet seen it, which is the entire goal of the review. Always presume that your professor hasn’t seen it, in order to make this as effective as feasible (as mentioned above). What is the significance of this? You will not leave out some key elements since you believe he/she has already seen it and will not bother to view it again. As a film critic, it is your responsibility to describe what happened in the film and to convey whether the filmmaker succeeded or failed. Again, simply stating that you liked or disliked it is not a valid response. To be considered valid, your viewpoint must be substantiated by specific explanations and examples drawn from the feature itself.

Filmmaker: Conduct a little background research on the individual who directed the piece. Is that individual a contentious figure in the community? What kind of political position does he/she hold? Is the filmmaker a well-known figure with a distinguished history? Consider devoting just a couple of paragraphs to the person behind the film and their past works in order to highlight the importance of the picture you are evaluating for the director’s overall career.

The importance of the documentary or film to your class – How does the content of the documentary or film relate to the course topic? Is it important in terms of historical realism? Keep an eye out for over-dramatization if you’re watching the movie for history lesson, for example. If the motion picture is based on a book that you’ve read and discussed in English class, you can point out similarities and differences, as well as things that the film has that the book does not, and so forth.

Creative elements – filmmakers put up a great deal of effort to incorporate creative elements into their films. What role do these aspects play in the overall plot and the movie as a whole? For example, costumes can either improve or detract from the overall effect of a film. Colors can be vibrant and uplift the ambiance or mood of a film, or they can be drab and dismal, depending on the situation. Good sound effects enhance the viewing experience, whilst terrible sound effects completely detract from it. Furthermore, camera movements and perspectives contribute to the tale in a variety of ways. Make a list of any symbols that appear in the story, if any.

Let’s not forget about the casting for actors! Were the actors portraying themselves realistically? Did they do a good job portraying a specific character in a particular scene? Were they able to perform well on stage? Do you believe that a certain actor was the best choice for the role you saw him in?

Mistakes to Stay Away From

  • Distracting attention away from the film – while linking the plot to some significant historic moment in history is a good idea (when applicable), avoid writing about unnecessary details or introducing irrelevant information such as the history of cinematography or that particular genre as well as snacks, among other things.
  • Inserting yourself – you’re the one who’s going to be writing the review, so say hello! The article should show your understanding and viewpoint of the motion picture you’ve seen, and there is no need to write in the first person all of the time: I noticed this, I noted that I liked this, I disliked that, and so on and so forth.
  • Failure to verify information concerning the movie’s history and release date, as well as the director and cast, among other things.
  • Giving your opinion without providing any justification for why you believe what you believe
  • When we talk about irrelevancies,
  • Writing a review without having a plan is difficult.
  • Writing generalizations such as “excellent performance,” “awesome effects,” “a good movie,” “it was horrible,” and so on is not recommended.
  • Writing a review that lacks substance or analysis of the feature is a bad idea.

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how to write a review on movie

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how to write a conclusion for essay

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Quick Tips on How to Write a Conclusion for Essay: Score 100%

How to Write a Concluding Paragraph

When considering how to write a conclusion for essay, you should summarize the points you’ve made throughout your paper. A solid conclusion paragraph begins with a consideration of the key point that you want to convey and the inclusion of this point in the final paragraph. If you’ve already created a fantastic beginning paragraph, you can write something similar but with a different language to use in your conclusion. Here are some important considerations to keep in mind:

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Make use of the information in your introductory paragraph as a guide. You might have began by stating something like, “There are three classes at school that I can’t wait to go to every day,” or “There are three classes at school that I absolutely cannot wait to go to every day.” For example, you may begin your conclusion by stating, “Gym, Math, and Art are the three classes that I make an effort to never miss.”

For a lengthier paper, a smart place to start is by looking at what each paragraph was supposed to be talking about. For example, if you’re writing a paper about zoo animals, each paragraph will most likely be about a different animal from the collection. In your conclusion, you should briefly mention each of the animals you’ve mentioned previously. “Zoo animals such as polar bears, lions, and giraffes are magnificent creatures,” says the author.

Give your readers something to think about at the end of your article. Encourage them to learn more about global warming by using a line such as “We have a lot to learn about global warming.” You can also provide them with something to do when they have finished reading your paper. Consider the following: “It’s simple to make your own popsicles.” Make yourself some orange juice and give it a shot!”

Summary: How to Write a Successful Conclusion Paragraph

Keep in mind that it’s critical to conclude your writing by summarizing the primary concept for your audience before moving on. This brings your writing to a satisfying conclusion and results in a well-written piece of work.

What is the purpose of a conclusion paragraph?

A conclusion is what you will leave with your reader at the end of your paper.

It “puts a bow on” your essay.

It reveals to the reader that you completed the task you set out to complete. It demonstrates how you have supported your thesis statement.

It gives the reader a sense of completion on the subject matter.


Introduction and conclusion are diametrically opposed to one another.

Keep in mind that the introduction begins with broad strokes and concludes with specifics.

The conclusion begins with a single point and then moves on to the overall point of the essay. Structure

What should be included?

You’ve reached a conclusion. brings your essay to a close in a neat bundle and makes it memorable for your reader

Your topic sentence should restate what you discussed in your thesis statement in one or two sentences.

If you have completed the task at hand, this indicates to your reader that you have met your goal. Do not merely rehash your thesis statement, since this would be redundant.

Rephrase the thesis statement to reflect a new and more in-depth understanding.

It is not appropriate to introduce fresh ideas at the conclusion of your paper.

What you have already discussed in the body of your essay should be summarized in your supporting sentences.

The final paragraph should not contain any creative ideas, therefore you should either pull them out and give them their own paragraph in the body, or leave them out entirely (see below).

It is important to summarize your main points for each body paragraph in the conclusion.

Bring the important points to a close.

Your concluding line should assist the reader in feeling a sense of completion.

In your closing statement, you are saying your final word on the subject; this is known as your “clincher.”

Demonstrate the significance of your views by providing examples.

Encourage your reader to take a fresh look at the subject.

Finish on a high note by expressing gratitude.

Your concluding phrase should make your readers happy that they took the time to read your article.

Strategies for reaching a successful conclusion

Play the “So What” Game with your friends.

Ask yourself, “So what?” or “Why should anyone care?” whenever you come across a remark in the conclusion section.

Consider the question and provide an answer.

Basically, I’m just stating that Douglass saw education as a valuable asset.

What’s the big deal?

It was significant because it was essential to his sense of self as a free and equal citizen in his community.

What is the point of caring?

Because plantation owners attempted to prevent slaves from receiving an education so that they could maintain power, this is significant. When Douglass got a higher degree, he was able to personally challenge that power.

Returning to the theme or concepts that were discussed in the beginning

This completes the circle for the reader.

After discussing a scenario, you might close your essay with the same scenario as evidence that your essay was beneficial in generating new understanding.

Utilize important words, parallel thoughts, and imagery from the initial paragraph to refer back to it.


Include a succinct overview of the study’s main ideas, but avoid merely repeating what was already said in the paper itself.

Bring everything together.

Demonstrate to your reader how the statements you made, as well as the evidence and examples you utilized, are connected.

Include a thought-provoking insight or quotation from the study or reading you completed for the paper in your introduction.

Make a recommendation for a plan of action, a solution to a problem, or a set of questions for further investigation.

Make a point about the bigger ramifications

A paper on the writing style of Virginia Woolf could highlight to her influence on other writers or feminists in the last years of her life.

Bringing initiatives to a close that don’t work

Starting with an overused and unneeded phrase is a bad idea.

In speeches, these expressions may be effective, but in writing, they come across as cliched and trite: “in conclusion,” “in summary,” “in closing,” and “as demonstrated in the essay.”

For the very first time, the thesis is being stated.

In your conclusion, you should introduce a new idea or subtopic.

Making emotive and sentimental appeals that are out of character with the rest of the material.

including proof (quotations, figures, and so on) that should be included in the body of your paper

Conclusions that are ineffective

“That is my story, and I want to stick to it.”

It merely restates the thesis and is typically excruciatingly brief; it does not advance ideas.

When a writer is unable to come up with anything else to say, they write a poem.

Example of how to write a conclusion for essay

Finally, as we have seen, Frederick Douglass was a trailblazer in American education, demonstrating that education could be a powerful force for social transformation, particularly in the context of slavery.

“Sherlock Holmes” is a fictional character created by author Arthur Conan Doyle.

In the conclusion, you should state your thesis for the first time.

As in a Sherlock Holmes mystery, the writer believes it would be more theatrical to keep the reader guessing and then “wow” them with the primary idea at the end of the story.

Readers are looking for an analytical examination of the topic in an academic style, with the thesis statement at the beginning of the paper.

“America the Beautiful” is a popular song in the United States.

It appeals to people’s emotions in order to succeed.

In contrast to the rest of the publication “Grab Bag,” this seems out of character.

Includes additional material that was conceived of or discovered but was unable to incorporate into the main body, resulting in confusion for the reader. Conclusion overview

Sentence introducing the topic

A new way of wording the thesis statement

Sentences that provide support

Explain how concepts fit together in the body of the essay by summarizing or concluding the main arguments of the essay.

Sentence of conclusion

Finally, a few words

The conclusion refers back to the beginning.

It provides a sense of completion.

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Quick Tips on How to Write the Process Essay

Wondering how to write the process essay? Relax, you are at the right place, as this article has everything you need.

The process essay, often known as a “how-to” essay, is frequently produced for people or businesses who want tutorials or a series of instructions. Process essays follow a similar framework for any changes, whether it’s creating a robot or baking a chocolate cake. They work in a sequential manner, with the first step impacting the second, which in turn influences the third, and so on. Each phase is significant in and of itself, and a faulty explanation of one might derail the entire process. It’s critical to be succinct and efficient. However, you should make some little preparations before you begin writing your essay.

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A process is a rhetorical style that provides step-by-step instructions or assistance is known as process. In academic writing, you may come across a variety of process essays, ranging from a standard process essay in which you choose a topic and describe the process to a lab report in which you describe the process of completing a lab experiment.

A process essay is organized with the objective of providing directions or assistance to the reader. The majority of the time, students write process essays that explain how to do a task. Process essays are similar to recipe books or technical manuals in terms of essay writing.

How to Write the Process Essay

What Is a Process Paper and How Do You Use It?

A process essay is a form of essay in which the author discusses a process step by step and provides assistance for a certain process, functioning mechanism, method, or other similar procedure or process. From extremely easy process essays, such as how to ride a bicycle, to more difficult process essays, such as a report on an oxidative reaction experiment in chemistry lab, process essays are available. Process papers are intended to provide guidance and directions to the people who read them.

A process paper is distinguished, first and foremost, by the fact that it describes a process rather than simply describing it. A few words that are regularly used in process essays include the words “further”, “then,” “next,” and “first.” Other words that are frequently used are “first,” “last,” “eventually,” and “initial.” It is quite vital to remember that every process essay contains elements such as the following:

The following guidelines should be followed: 

Process essays can be classified into various categories. For example, the first one is directed in nature; it describes “how to” do something. There is no limit to the topics that can be covered, including how to apply for a credit card, how to obtain a driver’s license, and how to organize a wedding. In the directional essay, the outcome should be a result, not a conclusion. A credit card, a driver’s license, or a meticulously planned wedding are all examples of items that fall into this category. A process paper can also be informational in nature, in that it explains how something operates. Examples include how a weather forecast is determined, how a space rocket operates, and how intermittent fasting affects your body, among other things. An informational essay is one that informs the reader about something without necessarily leading to a conclusion, as a directional essay does.

A process analysis essay is another form of essay that is comparable to a process essay in its structure. Probably the most significant distinction is that a process analysis essay not only explains the stages, but also analyzes them in great detail afterwards. While it shares many similarities with a process essay, it delves into greater depth regarding the causes and consequences of each step.

How to Write a Process Essay (with Examples)

Creating a process essay is not a particularly tough task. It is possible to guarantee a good and well-structured essay by following a few easy principles and a series of actions.

Preparation of the Minor Details

We’ve compiled a list of modest general suggestions and recommendations that you should keep in mind during the writing process to ensure that all of the requirements of a process paper are fulfilled.

Determine the skill level of the target audience. It is critical to determine the level of complexity of the essay based on the type of audience who will be reading it. In the case of instructing a buddy on how to perform a small repair or construct a specific instrument, it would be most fair to use more basic terms to avoid confusing the situation. But if you are writing an essay for your astrophysics professor about the formation of a black hole in the universe, you should employ more advanced and informative terminology.

Make a list of the materials you’ll need. It goes without saying that there are some conditions to the production of anything. Whether it’s products or ideas, it’s critical to be aware of the requirements ahead of time and to have them prepared and ready to go. Make sure to arrange each thing in accordance with its importance by starting with the most important. The greater the significance of a component, the higher it should be ranked on the list.

Each task should be written down. During a step-by-step tutorial, each individual activity is given a certain amount of importance. Because if one step is skipped, the entire procedure will not be completed, it is critical to write down every single step. However, be careful not to go overboard with your justifications. The lesson doesn’t have to be detailed and in-depth, but each step should be intelligible and competent in its own right.

Topics for Process Essays

The selection of a topic for a process paper might be a difficult task to do. Starting with your interests is a smart way to start. If you choose a topic that you are enthusiastic about, you will be able to make it both engaging for your readers and enjoyable to write about. If your professor has assigned you to write a process essay on a subject that you are unfamiliar with, find a topic that is engaging and will pique your interest. Once this is completed, perform sufficient in-depth study to ensure that you completely comprehend everything before proceeding to try and explain it to someone else.

Another very crucial consideration while writing a process essay is the audience you are writing for. College students are not likely to be interested in directions on “How to Get Into Your Dream School” or “How to Pass Your SATs,” for example. Make certain that your topic is related to the subject matter you are studying and that you are following the prompt requirements provided by your lecturer.

Some suggestions that may be of interest to you are as follows:

  • How to Lose Weight While Following a Ketogenic Diet
  • The way your immune system defends you COVID-19
  • The best way to get started selling on Amazon
  • Learn how to raise your credit score.
  • What you can do to reduce your social media usage
  • How to submit an application for unemployment benefits
  • How to increase your academic success in college
  • Instructions on how to open your very first bank account

Keep in mind that these essay themes are just a few of the most typical ones that college students choose for their course assignments, and that there are many more. Consider using any of them, or come up with an entirely new one on your own. Just be certain that it is a PROCESS!

Outline for a Process Essay

The following is the basic structure for most essay outlines: Introduction > Body Paragraphs > Concluding Remarks adhere to the regular procedure: Introduction > Body Paragraphs > Concluding Remarks The following is an example of a good process essay outline:

Introduction – provide your reader a brief overview of your issue, explain why you chose it, and describe how you want to approach the description of the procedure.

The body of your essay should be broken down into paragraphs to make it easier to read and comprehend, as well as to provide structure. Make sure that each paragraph flows smoothly into the following one by using connective words between them.

The first paragraph of the process outlines the procedure. Explain what the step is, how to conduct it in the most effective manner, and how to avoid making common mistakes while performing it.

The second paragraph describes the next phase in the procedure (the same as in Paragraph 1). Make a thorough explanation of what this stage entails.

Conclusion. You must explain why your instructions are beneficial in this section. It is your opportunity to persuade your reader(s) that the actions you have described and the procedure they have learnt will be beneficial to them in the foreseeable future.

Every procedure is unique: some can be completed in a matter of minutes, while others can take months or even years to finish completely. The length of the essay is usually determined by the difficulty of the assignment and the number of stages required. The structure, on the other hand, does not move.


The first thing you want to accomplish as a writer for your process paper is to pique the interest of your readers in your particular process. This is a difficult task. Use vivid language to describe it and create a mental picture in your readers’ minds. A joke or a personal reference can be a wonderful attention grabber and can draw your reader straight into your piece of writing. Someone must exhibit an interest in your method before they will be motivated to engage with it in any way. Despite the fact that it should go without saying, many writers choose to overlook this reality. Let’s divide it down into subheadings for clarity:

Provide a brief overview of the historical context. People are frequently interested in the beginnings of whatever it is that they are now working on. Introducing this stage of the process will help to pique the interest of your readers and provide them with a feeling of purpose for completing the task.

Make a rough estimate of how long it will take. Unfortunately, your readers do not have the luxury of dedicating their entire day to just one event. In addition to learning about the task’s goal, people are interested in knowing how long it will take. They will be able to select how to divide the job in this manner. If it’s a short fix, they may be able to complete it in a single session. If, on the other hand, it is a large-scale activity, your readers will undoubtedly need to devise their own timetable.

Paragraphs in the Body

At this stage in the process essay, you should introduce your readers to the step-by-step procedure they will be required to follow. A lot of the time, it is beneficial to split down each process into smaller sub processes. In some cases, such as when a step includes several sections, it would be wise to establish a separate paragraph dedicated to that particular phase. Keep in mind that it is critical to keep things running smoothly and efficiently. Separate the body paragraphs into sections that correspond to the steps. To get into greater detail about each phase, consider the following:

Each step should be explained in detail to the audience. The length of each stage will differ. Consider this: every instruction manual contains a number of sequential steps. The comprehension and execution of some are more difficult than others. Because of this, you should organize your moves and explanations accordingly. Based on the explanation, you should be able to get a feel of how long and tough they are to complete.

Don’t forget to describe what you’re trying to accomplish. People do not want orders to be barking at them in a random manner. Aside from the simple goal of completing a task, people desire to learn as they go along.

  • Why did they act in this manner?
  • So, what was the point of using this method?
  • Was there a reason we did it this way rather than that way?

Transitions are used to ensure that everything flows smoothly. In order to write a well-structured essay, the procedures should be taken in a logical sequence. When introducing the following stage, try utilizing transition words such as “next,” “now,” “then,” “so that,” and other similar phrases.

Making an outline for your body paragraphs is a wonderful idea before writing down the steps in full sentences for each step. A sample outline for the body paragraphs of a process essay on “How to Save Money” is provided below.

1st paragraph:

Maintain a record of your expenditures

Make a list of all of your collected data and evaluate what you can cut back on in your spending.

Paragraph 2 (included):

Create a reasonable budget and verify it on a weekly basis to ensure that you are adhering to it.

15 percent of each month’s salary should be set aside.

Set a measurable goal for saving, such as purchasing a car.

Despite the fact that this sample only contains two body paragraphs, feel free to incorporate extra to provide a better understanding and a more cohesive flow for your work. However, avoid including excessive or superfluous facts that will clog your essay and make it even more difficult to read and comprehend. Include tiny, succinct explanations for each statement you make when writing your essay. “Even if eating out and grabbing a coffee on your way to class seems appealing, creating a budget and putting aside 15 percent of each of your monthly wages will help you save enough money to put down a downpayment on a new car,” says the author. The reader will gain an understanding of the fact that there is a direct relationship between each step and the outcome that it will produce.

One of the most successful strategies to hold readers’ interest and keep them coming back is to demonstrate to them that they are learning rather than simply repeating.


A process essay must come to a confident conclusion after going through each phase in detail and describing the entire process to the audience. This paragraph should be succinct, to the point, and easy to read. Its primary objective is to complete the following tasks: a.

Discuss the most important outcome. After the readers have gone through the entire procedure, they should be presented with a final outcome. Make it clear to your readers what the end result will look like and what can be done with it by providing them with examples.

Restate the overall purpose of the procedure. After completing the assignment, it is understandable that you would want to know what the task’s overarching goal was. The satisfaction of your readers will come when they feel as though they have overcome a struggle, gained something from it, and have a direction in which to direct the outcome!

Make a statement about your overall conclusion. To tie a beautiful bow around your process essay, you must ensure that everything is completed in a professional manner. Recap some of the more noteworthy aspects of the process, as well as the general goal of the process. Take care to ensure that your readers feel accomplished after going through your process, and be sure to reinforce the significance of its aim with a strong conclusion line!

The end of an article on “How to Save Money” would state that following the completion of all of the steps will result in money being saved that can be used for a specific aim or to create a rainy day fund for unexpected expenses. You might emphasize the significance of each step and briefly reiterate some of the most important points.

Post-Writing Suggestions

Here are a few final pointers to help you complete your writing project. Make use of them as a checklist to ensure that your essay is successful and coherent.

Make certain that the job is straightforward and easy to understand. The worst-case situation is that the author instills in the reader’s mind a sense of complete and utter uncertainty. Always keep in mind that your readers may be complete novices in order to prevent this situation. Instead of attempting to impress them with sophisticated words or sentences, use straightforward language to provide clear instructions on how to complete a project. Give as many specifics as you can, but keep it as simple as possible.

“Why is he forcing me to do this?” I wonder.

“Can you tell me what the point of this was?”

“I have absolutely no idea what this step is about!”

This means that if the reader is asking themselves these questions, it’s time to revise!

Experiment with it and see how it works for you, or ask a friend. There is no more effective technique to achieve achievement than to actively attempt your process according to your own guidelines, as described above. If everything is actually understandable, you should have no difficulty completing the work in your own words if everything is truly understandable. Even better, get a peer to test it out for you so that you can get a different perspective on the situation.

Choose the most appropriate topic for you and conduct thorough research on it.

Maintain a logical sequence of steps and make them simple to follow.

Avoid using imperative phrases; you do not want to come across as a technical manual for an Apple TV.

Explain terms that are most likely outside the range of common knowledge for the majority of individuals.

Article’s Conclusion

We hope that you found our post to be helpful, and that you will get started right away. For those who believe they lack the necessary creativity or lack the necessary experience to begin on their own, they can always turn to our service to get nothing day essay samples or just order the greatest process essay from our writing agency.

We at our agency offer a dependable service at a reasonable price, allowing you to pay for essays online with no difficulty. Our customer service representatives are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and our skilled writers are capable of completing high-quality essays online on time. Each of them is the author of a large number of academic publications in their respective fields. Furthermore, we provide a money-back guarantee if you are dissatisfied with the final product’s quality. In addition, if you have any suggestions for how to improve the work, you can request a free review of your article review paper. Consequently, don’t hesitate to seek professional assistance and spare yourself some valuable time. Make use of our agency in order to achieve higher outcomes and to be the greatest students at your institution!

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How To Write an Annotated Bibliography in MLA and APA: 2 Excellent Samples

What is an annotated bibliography?

Are you stranded on how to write an annotated bibliography in MLA or APA? you have come to the right place. An annotated bibliography is a concise summary of the study that has been conducted on a particular topic. An annotated bibliography of research sources that contains succinct descriptions and reviews of each source is provided.

An annotation is typically comprised of a quick overview of the text as well as a brief analysis or evaluation. In accordance with your assignment, you may be required to reflect on, summarize, criticize, assess, or analyze the source material.

Depending on the situation, an annotated bibliography may be part of a bigger project or it may be a standalone assignment. The conventional annotated bibliography consists of a citation followed by a short paragraph, though an annotation can be as small as one sentence in length if necessary. An illustration of this is presented below.

Please keep in mind that the information in this handbook is generic in nature. Primarily, it seeks to answer the query, how to write an annotated bibliography in MLA or APA? We strongly advise you to follow the directions for your assignment and, if necessary, seek clarification from your lecturer or instructor.

how to write an annotated bibliography in MLA and APA

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The purpose of an annotated bibliography is to provide more information.

An annotated bibliography, when given as a homework project, or when you are stranded on how to write an annotated bibliography in MLA or APA, allows you to become familiar with the resources available on a particular subject matter.

An annotated bibliography might include the following items, depending on your individual assignment:

  • to conduct a review of the literature on a specific subject
  • Showcase the quality and depth of your reading by completing the following tasks:
  • demonstrate the breadth of materials available, such as journals, books, websites, and magazine articles;
  • make a point of highlighting sources that may be of interest to other readers and researchers
  • Sources for further research should be investigated and organized.

Consider the following questions when asking yourself how to write an annotated bibliography in MLA or APA?

You must carefully analyze the materials that you choose for your annotated bibliography before making your final decision. Keep the following questions in mind as you make your decision to help you clarify your options.

  • What is the topic or difficulty that I am looking into?
  • What question(s) am I attempting to answer? Decide what you want to accomplish with your literature research.
  • What kind of material am I looking at, and why am I looking at it? Is it journal papers, reports, government policy, or primary historical material that I’m seeking for?
  • Is it possible that I’m being too picky with my text selection? Is each text relevant to my study topic and the criteria of the assignment?
  • What are the most important or influential texts on my subject? Is it possible that I’m locating them? Is the information in the sources valuable or frequently cited in other texts?
  • Which style of writing should I use in the annotations, and why?

Each annotation should be short and to the point. Remember that you are writing a summary, not an essay, so don’t go overboard with your writing. In most cases, annotations should not exceed one paragraph in length, unless otherwise specified in your assignment rules. Because this is not a lengthy piece of writing, only the most crucial and relevant elements should be included.

A text or journal’s title can be used to exclude any information that is not immediately obvious from the annotation.

It is customary for authors to leave out background elements and allusions to past work by the same author. In order to support your annotation, you do not need to cross reference or utilize in-text citations because you are only dealing with one piece of text at a time.

Unless otherwise specified, you should write in whole sentences and use academic jargon while writing.

Is there a standard format for an annotated bibliography?

When creating an annotated bibliography, the first step is to provide the source’s bibliographic information (the citation), followed by a brief annotation.

When creating an annotated bibliography, it is common practice to arrange it alphabetically by the author’s last name, similar to how a standard reference list or bibliography is organized. According to your lecturer/tutor, an annotated bibliography summary should be between 100 and 200 words per citation; however, the length may vary depending on the faculty and assessment. Please also check with your instructor to ensure that each annotation contains the items that are expected.

The following are the contents of an annotated bibliography:

In an annotation, you may include all or parts of the following items, depending on the length of the annotation and the substance of the sources you are reviewing.

  • Please include the whole bibliographic citation.
  • Indicate the author’s educational and professional background (s).
  • Indicate the text’s content or scope with a few words.
  • Outline the major points of the argument.
  • Indicate who is the target audience.
  • If applicable, describe the research methodologies that were used.
  • Identify any conclusions that the author(s) have reached.
  • Discuss the text’s dependability in detail.
  • Any specific characteristics of the material that were unique or helpful, such as charts or graphs, should be highlighted.
  • Discuss the text’s relevance or usefulness in relation to your study project.
  • Highlight the ways in which the text links to themes or concepts covered in your course.
  • Indicate the text’s advantages and disadvantages in detail.
  • Make a statement about your opinion or reaction to the content.

Samples of Annotated Bibliographies (Overview)

Below you will discover examples of comments from annotated bibliographies, each of which pertains to a particular study endeavor. The given example answers your query on how to write an annotated bibliography in MLA or APA. Keep in mind that the comments you add in your own bibliography should be relevant to your research project and/or the rules of your assignment, if appropriate.

A source’s prospective applications for the project at hand are discussed in further detail elsewhere in this resource. Some annotations may summarize, some may analyze or evaluate a source, and some may reflect on the source’s possible applications for the project at hand. It is possible that certain annotations will handle all three of these phases at the same time. When determining how much information to add in your annotations, keep in mind the aim of your annotated bibliography and/or the instructions provided by your instructor.

Maintain the following in mind: all of your material, including the write-up below the citation, must be indented so that the author’s last name is the only text that is flush left.

how to write an annotated bibliography in MLA


Keen, John. Bird by Bird: Sample MLA Annotation. Anchor Books, 2020.

This book provides candid counsel on the nature of a writing life, complete with insecurities and disappointments, as described by Anne Lamott. The chapters of Lamott’s book are sardonic and anecdotal, and they give advice on topics ranging from plot development to jealousy, from perfectionism to dealing with one’s own internal critic.

Lamott offers writing activities that are both productive and enjoyable as part of the process of writing the book. Despite the fact that Lamott provides sensible counsel for individuals who are battling with the concerns of writing, her primary goal appears to be to provide the reader with a reality check regarding writing, publishing, and dealing with one’s own imperfect humanity while doing so. Although this text is not intended to be a practical guide to creating and/or publishing, it is necessary because of its honest perspective, relatable humor, and encouraging approach.

Incorporating sections of this literature into a writing class’s curriculum would be simple and straightforward. The writing process is the subject of several chapters in Part 1, which would serve to stimulate debate about students’ personal drafting and revision procedures. Some of the writing activities might also be used to generate writing exercises for use in the classroom, as could others. Lamott’s writing style should be both engaging and enjoyable for students.

how to write an annotated bibliography in MLA or APA?


Ehrenreich, B. (2001). Nickel and dimed: On (not) getting by in America. Henry Holt and Company.

Ehrenreich attempts to determine whether it is today possible for an individual to survive on a minimum-wage in the United States in this nonfiction book based on the journalist’s personal experience. When the author takes on jobs as a server, as a maid in a cleaning business, and as a Walmart sales representative, she sums up and reflects on her experiences at each place of employment, including her work, her relationships with coworkers, and her financial troubles.

Ehrenreich, a seasoned journalist, is well aware of the limitations of her experiment as well as the ethical ramifications of her experiential research methods, and she expresses her thoughts on these topics in the text. When it comes to her techniques, the author is forthright, and she backs up her personal observations with scholarly research on her places of employment, the economy, and the rising expense of living in the United States. Ehrenreich’s effort is current, informative, and thorough in its investigation.

The annotation above answers the question of how to write an annotated bibliography in MLA or APA by analyzing and evaluating the book that is referenced in the citation. The first paragraph of the book provides a succinct explanation of the author’s effort, highlighting the most important aspects of the work. The second paragraph identifies and examines the project’s advantages and disadvantages, including its techniques and presentation. However, this particular annotation does not reflect on the source’s potential value or usefulness for this individual researcher’s own research in any way.

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It has never been easier to place your order. Fill in the initial requirements in the small order form located on the home page and press “continue” button to proceed to the main order form or press “order” button in the header menu. Starting from there let our system intuitively guide you through all steps of ordering process.


All your payments are processed securely through PayPal. This enables us to guarantee a 100% security of your funds and process payments swiftly.


Next, we match up your order details with the most qualified freelance writer in your field.


Once we have found the most suitable writer for your assignment, they start working on a masterpiece just for you!


Once finished, your final paper will be available for download through your personal dashboard. You will also receive an email notification with a copy of your paper attached to it. Sometimes, the writer may leave a note for you about the order in case there is any additional information that they need to give you.

how to write an annotated bibliography in MLA or APA?