Interpret the following computer cross-tab output including a χ2 test.

Interpret the following computer cross-tab output including a χ2 test. Variable EDUCATION is a response to “What is your highest level of educational achievement?” HS means a high school diploma, SC means some college, BS means a bachelor’s degree, and MBA means a master of business administration. Variable WIN is how well the respondent did on a set of casino games of chance. A 1 means they would have lost more than $100, a 2 means they approximately broke even, and a 3 means they won more than $100. What is the result of exploring a research question that education influences performance on casino gambling? Comment on your conclusion and any issues in interpreting the result.

The following question was asked of a sample of television

The following question was asked of a sample of television viewers: We are going to ask you to classify the type of fan you consider yourself to be for different sports and sports programs.

• Diehard Fan: Watch games, follow up on scores and sports news multiple times a day

• Avid Fan: Watch games, follow up on scores and sports news once a day

• Casual Fan: Watch games, follow up on scores and sports news occasionally

• Championship Fan: Watch games, follow up on scores and sports news only during championships or playoffs

• Non-Fan: Never watch games or follow up on scores

• Anti-Fan: Dislike, oppose, or object to a certain sport

Does this question do a good job of avoiding ambiguity?

What potential sources of error might be associated with the

What potential sources of error might be associated with the following situations?

a. In a survey of frequent fliers age 50 and older, researchers concluded that price does not play a significant role in airline travel because only 25 percent of the respondents check off price as the most important consideration in determining where and how they travel, while 35 percent rate price as being unimportant.

b. A survey of voters finds that most respondents do not like negative political ads—that is, advertising by one political candidate that criticizes or exposes secrets about the opponent’s “dirty laundry.”

c. Researchers who must conduct a 45-minute personal interview decide to offer $10 to each respondent because they believe that people who will sell their opinions are more typical than someone who will talk to a stranger for 45 minutes.

d. A company’s sales representatives are asked what percentage of the time they spend making presentations to prospects, traveling, talking on the telephone, participating in meetings, working on the computer, and engaging in other onthe- job activities.

e. A survey comes with a water hardness packet to test the hardness of the water in a respondent’s home. The packet includes a color chart and a plastic strip to dip into hot water. The respondent is given instructions in six steps on how to compare the color of the plastic strip with the color chart that indicates water hardness.

Evaluate and comment on the following questions, taken from several

Evaluate and comment on the following questions, taken from several questionnaires:

a. A university computer center survey on SPSS usage:
How often do you use SPSS statistical software? Please check one.

• Infrequently (once a semester)

• Occasionally (once a month)

• Frequently (once a week)

• All the time (daily)

b. A survey of advertising agencies:

Do you understand and like the Federal Trade Commission’s new corrective advertising policy?
——Yes ——No

c. A survey on a new, small electric car:
Assuming 90 percent of your driving is in town, would you buy this type of car?
——Yes ——No
If this type of electric car had the same initial cost as a current “Big 3” full-size, fully equipped car, but operated at one-half the cost over a five-year period, would you buy one?
——Yes ——No
d. A student survey:

Since the beginning of this semester, approximately what percentage of the time do you get to campus using each of the forms of transportation available to you per week?

Walk —— Bicycle ——
Public transportation —— Motor vehicle ——
e. A survey of motorcycle dealers:
Should the company continue its generous cooperative advertising program?

f. A survey of media use by farmers:
Thinking about yesterday, put an X in the box below for each quarter-hour time period during which, so far as you can recall, you personally listened to radio. Do the same for television.

If you did not watch TV any time yesterday, X here ___
If you did not listen to radio any time yesterday, X here ___

g. A government survey of gasoline retailers:
Suppose the full-service pump selling price for regular gasoline is 232.8 cents per gallon on the first day of the month. Suppose on the 10th of the month the price is raised to 234.9 cents per gallon, and on the 25th of the month it is reduced to 230.9 cents per gallon. In order to provide the required data you should list the accumulator reading on the full-service regular gasoline pump when the station opens on the 1st day, the 10th day, and the 25th day of the month and when the station closes on the last day of the month.

h. An anti-gun-control group’s survey:
Do you believe that private citizens have the right to own firearms to defend themselves, their families, and their property from violent criminal attack?

——Yes ——No
i. A survey of the general public:

In the next year, after accounting for inflation, do you think your real personal income will go up or down?
1. Up
2. (Stay the same)
3. Down
4. (Don’t know)
j. ETHICS A survey of the general public:

Some people say that companies should be required by law to label all chemicals and substances that the government states are potentially harmful. The label would tell what the chemical or substance is, what dangers it might pose, and what safety procedures should be used in handling the substance. Other people say that such laws would be too strict. They say the law should require labels on only those chemicals and substances that the companies themselves decide are potentially harmful. Such a law, they say, would be less costly for the companies and would permit them to exclude those chemicals and substances they consider to be trade secrets. Which of these views is closest to your own?

1. Require labels on all chemicals and substances that the government states are potentially harmful.

2. (Don’t know)

3. Require labels on only those chemicals and substances that companies decide are potentially harmful.

k. A survey of voters:

Since agriculture is vital to our state’s economy, how do you feel about the administration’s farm policies?

Strongly favor

Somewhat favor

Somewhat oppose

Strongly oppose

Unsure

Use a web browser to go to the Gallup Organization’s

Use a web browser to go to the Gallup Organization’s home page (http://www.gallup.com). The Gallup home page changes regularly. However, it should provide an opportunity to read the results of a recent poll. For example, a poll might break down Americans’ sympathies toward Israel or the Palestinians based on numerous individual characteristics such as political affiliation or religious involvement. After reading the results of a Gallup poll of this type, learn how polls are conducted see “About Gallup” for “FAQs”. You may need to click on the Frequently Asked Questions List (FAQ) to find this information. List the various stages of the research process and how they were (or were not) followed in Gallup’s project.