The following unemployment tax rate schedule is in effect for

The following unemployment tax rate schedule is in effect for the calendar year 2020 in State A, which uses the reserve-ratio formula in determining employer contributions:

Reserve Ratio …………………………………. Contribution Rate
0.0% or more, but less than 1.0%…………………………. 6.7%
1.0% or more, but less than 1.2%…………………………. 6.4%
1.2% or more, but less than 1.4%…………………………. 6.1%
1.4% or more, but less than 1.6%…………………………. 5.8%
1.6% or more, but less than 1.8%…………………………. 5.5%
1.8% or more, but less than 2.0%…………………………. 5.2%
2.0% or more, but less than 2.2%…………………………. 4.9%
2.2% or more, but less than 2.4%…………………………. 4.6%
2.4% or more, but less than 2.6%…………………………. 4.3%
2.6% or more, but less than 2.8%…………………………. 4.0%
2.8% or more, but less than 3.0%…………………………. 3.7%
3.0% or more, but less than 3.2%…………………………. 3.4%
3.2% or more……………………………………………………….. 3.1%

Conrad Company, which is located in State A, had an average annual payroll of $1,150,000 for the three 12-month periods ending on June 30, 2019 (the computation date for the tax year 2020). As of June 30, 2019 the total contributions that had been made to Conrad Company’s reserve account, in excess of the benefits charged, amounted to $21,560. Compute:

a. Conrad Company’s reserve ratio for 2019………………………………………………. .         %

b. 2020 contribution rate for the company…………………………………………………. .         %

c. Smallest contribution that the company can make in order to reduce its tax
rate if State A permits voluntary contributions…………………………………………. $

d. Tax savings realized by the company, taking into consideration the
voluntary contribution made in (c) if the taxable payroll in 2020 is
$1,295,000………………………………………………………………………………………….. $

In Oregon, employers who are covered by the state workers’

In Oregon, employers who are covered by the state workers’ compensation law withhold employee contributions from the wages of covered employees for the workers’ benefit fund at the rate of 1.2¢ for each hour or part of an hour that the worker is employed. Every covered employer is also assessed 1.2¢ per hour for each worker employed for each hour or part of an hour. The employer-employee contributions for workers’ compensation are collected monthly, quarterly, or annually by the employer’s insurance carrier, according to a schedule agreed upon by the employer and the carrier. The insurance carrier remits the contributions to the state’s Workers’ Compensation Department.

Cortez Company, a covered employer in Oregon, turns over the employer-employee workers’ compensation contributions to its insurance carrier by the 15th of each month for the preceding month. During the month of July, the number of full-time employee-hours worked by the company’s employees was 8,270; the number of part time employee-hours was 1,950.

a. The amount the company should have withheld from its full- and part-time employees during the month of July for workers’ compensation insurance is $ ____________.

b. The title you would give to the general ledger liability account to which the amount withheld from the employees’ earnings would be credited is: _____________.

c. Journalize the entry on July 31 to record the employer’s liability for workers’ compensation insurance for the month.

d. Journalize the entry on August 15 to record payment to the insurance carrier of the amount withheld from the employees’ earnings for workers’ compensation insurance and the amount of the employer’s liability.