Phenol is an aryl compound.
a. i. What is the molecular formula of phenol?
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ii. What is the empirical formula of phenol?
b. Molten phenol reacts with sodium metal. Give one observation and write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction.
c. Phenol reacts with sodium hydroxide solution. Name the type of reaction and write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction.
d. The reactions in parts b and c both give the same organic product. Name it.
e. Phenol reacts with bromine water. Give the name of the product, two visual observations and a balanced chemical equation, and comment on how this shows that phenol is more reactive than benzene.
f. Explain why phenol is more reactive than benzene. Your answer must include reference to the model used for the arrangement of electrons.