Psychotherapy: Sensationalists, Rationalists, and Romantics The three groups, the sensationalists, t

Psychotherapy: Sensationalists, Rationalists, and Romantics

The three groups, the sensationalists, the rationalists, and
the romantics, have very different epistemologies The sensationalists trusted
the senses or sense experience to determine truth While many of them also used
reason to some degree, they placed a greater trust in the senses The
rationalists, while giving some credence to the senses, primarily trusted
reason as the best guide to knowing truth The romantics took a more
phenomenological approach and placed greater emphasis on emotions in the
process of determining how to live; they weren’t as concerned with the issue of
truth

1 How do these epistemologies impact ethics and morals?
Particularly with the romantics, you begin to notice there is a potential to
separate ethics, or what is right, from values, or the individual’s ideals
What do you think is the significance of this separation?

2 These three positions still do not dictate a view of
human nature as fundamentally good or evil There are variant positions within
the perspectives What are the implications you think exist for human nature in
these perspectives?

3 Address their implications for therapy Compare how you
think these different philosophies would impact the way psychotherapy
effectiveness should be determined