Question 1 (10 points) Question 1 SavedMatch the vitamin to its characteristic.Question 1 options:Ri

Question 1 (10 points) Question 1 SavedMatch the vitamin to its characteristic.Question 1 options:RiboflavinFolateVitamin B12Vitamin DVitamin CVitamin B6Vitamin EThiaminVitamin ANiacin 1. excessive intake can lead to a burning or flushed feeling2. high intake in pregnancy can result in birth defects; deficiency can result in night-blindness3. this nonessential nutrient can be synthesized in the liver in response to sun exposure4. deficiency leads to beriberi; this is a water-soluble vitamin5. a known antioxidant; deficiency leads to scurvy6. a precursor for coenzymes and commonly found in milk (it degrades in ultraviolet light, which is why opaque containers are used for milk)7. plays a major role in protein metabolism, helps maintain nervous system function8. vegetarians and vegans may have difficulty getting this nutrient in their diet since it is found primarily in animal sources9. a known antioxidant; also known as tocopherols10. adequate intake can reduce neural tube defectsQuestion 2 (4 points) Question 2 UnsavedWhich of the following foods are known to be a good source of vitamin C? Select all that apply.Question 2 options: A) strawberries B) orange C) grapefruit D) kiwi E) kale F) lentils G) milk H) sweet potatoQuestion 3 (4 points) Question 3 UnsavedVitamin K is present in kale, Swiss chard, broccoli, and spinach, and it is ________.Question 3 options: A) considered an essential nutrient B) synthesized in the body C) not needed from food sources D) required for blood coagulation E) considered a nonessential nutrient F) a marker for overall bone healthQuestion 4 (4 points) Question 4 UnsavedWhich of the following foods are known to be a good source of folate? Select all that apply.Question 4 options: A) fortified bread B) fortified cereal C) lentils D) garbanzo beans E) asparagus F) grapefruit G) milk H) cantaloupeQuestion 5 (3 points) Question 5 SavedWhich of the following foods are known to be a good source of riboflavin? Select all that apply.Question 5 options: A) milk B) eggs C) almonds D) asparagus E) cod liver oil F) kiwi G) parsleyQuestion 6 (4 points) Which of the following foods are known to be a good source of vitamin A? Select all that apply.Question 6 options:A)beef liverB)cod liver oilC)fortified cerealD)eggsE)sweet potatoF)carrotsG)pumpkinH)spinachI)cantaloupeJ)almondsK)asparagusL)cod liver oilM)citrusN)parsleyQuestion 7 (10 points) Match the mineral to its characteristic.Question 7 options:fluorideironseleniumphosphoruscalciumpotassiumsodiumchromiumzincmagnesium1.the majority is stored in the skeletal system2.the main cation found inside the cells and may help to control blood pressure3.can be toxic at high levels; usually seen from supplement intake rather than dietary sources; Brazil nuts are a good source4.plays a key role in the transport of oxygen in the blood stream; deficiency leads to anemia5.well-known food preservative that can have an impact on fluid balance6.deficiency is uncommon; found in many food sources; people with kidney failure need to be very careful of their intake of this nutrient7.cofactor for many enzymes and plays a role in carbohydrate metabolism; fruits and vegetables are an excellent source8.poorly understood role in the body but known to have some effects, including a potential role in managing blood glucose9.plays a role in cell signaling and plays a role in catalyzing many reactions; high in animal food sources10.plays an important role in dental health; can be found in most water suppliesQuestion 8 (2 points) All processed foods are high in sodium.Question 8 options:TrueFalseQuestion 9 (2 points) Fatigue, brittle nails, and a sore tongue are all symptoms of iron deficiency and a condition called anemia.Question 9 options:TrueFalseQuestion 10 (4 points) What are the natural functions that water promotes within the human body? Select all that apply.Question 10 options:A)transportation systemB)lubricantC)participant in biochemical reactionsD)body temperature regulationE)dehydrationF)flushed skinG)increased body temperaturePage 2 of 9Question 11 (3 points) Which of the following vitamins are fat-soluble? Select all that apply.Question 11 options:A)vitamin AB)vitamin BC)vitamin CD)vitamin DE)vitamin EQuestion 12 (4 points) When would you have a greater chance of dehydration? Select all that apply.Question 12 options:A)being in a hot climateB)during strenuous physical activityC)when you have a feverD)when you are vomiting or have diarrheaE)while you are sleepingQuestion 13 (2 points) Which organ maintains the water balance in the body?Question 13 options:A)kidneysB)liverC)bladderD)stomachE)small intestineQuestion 14 (2 points) Children with toxic levels of vitamin D will develop rickets.Question 14 options:A) TrueB) FalseQuestion 15 (4 points) Zinc ____________________. Select all that apply.Question 15 options:A)deficiency usually develops because of genetics or an acquired conditionB)plays an important role in maintaining a healthy immune systemC)deficiency in pregnancy can lead to low birth weight infants and premature deliveryD)has a recommended dietary allowance of 2mg/day for adultsE)is an essential trace elementQuestion 16 (3 points) Which of the following three micronutrients are crucial during pregnancy and should most be monitored and potentially increased by expecting mothers during pregnancy to reduce the risk of neural-tube and other birth defects in the unborn infant? Select all that apply.vitamin A calcium folate phosphorus vitamin DQuestion 16 options:A)vitamin AB)folateC)cobalaminD)calciumE)phosphorusF)vitamin DQuestion 17 (2 points) The calories consumed must __________ the energy expended to maintain weight and keep energy in balance.Question 17 options:A)exceedB)equalC)be less thanD)doubleQuestion 18 (2 points) All adults have the same calorie needs per day.Question 18 options:TrueFalseQuestion 19 (3 points) What present trends contribute to the obesity epidemic that weren’t an issue or as abundant in the later half of the twentieth century.Question 19 options:A)excessive television viewing and screen timeB)reduced activity in the workplaceC)more people walking or biking to workD)increased food portionsQuestion 20 (2 points) The total weight gain of a woman of normal weight during pregnancy is apporximately_______.Question 20 options:A)25-35B)15-25C)11-20D)none of these choicesQuestion 21 (2 points) Honey is a natural sweetener. Therefore, it is not considered an added sugar when used to sweeten foods.Question 21 options:TrueFalseQuestion 22 (4 points) What are the immediate physical benefits linked to slightly increased activity.Question 22 options:A)longer lifeB)increased energyC)strengthen bonesD)increase mental performanceE)mood improvementF)weight lossQuestion 23 (2 points) American adults should not exceed their sodium intake of this many milligrams a day.Question 23 options:A)2,300B)5,400C)4,100D)700Question 24 (3 points) Which of the following options are possible outcomes of low energy intake during high intensity exercise or training? Select all that apply.Question 24 options:A)loss of muscle massB)increased recovery time between workoutsC)cessation of menstruationD)increased risk of injuryQuestion 25 (2 points) Which of the following daily protein intakes is recommended for endurance and strength training athletes?Question 25 options:A)0.8-1.2 grams/kg body weightB)0.5-0.8 grams/kg body weightC)1.2-1.7 grams/kg body weightD)2.0-2.5 grams/kg body weightQuestion 26 (2 points) Which of the following statements are TRUE about fat intake in an athlete’s diet? Select all that apply.Question 26 options:A)High fat diets are recommended.B)Fat intake should account for 20 percent to 35 percent of total energy intake.C)Performance is enhanced when fat is kept below 20 percent of energy intake.D)Fat intake is to be restricted to less than 20 percent of total energy intake to prevent excessive weight gain from fat.E)Fat-soluble vitamins and essential fatty acids are important in the diets of athletes.Question 27 (2 points) Most Americans consume less sodium than the recommended amount.Question 27 options:TrueFalseQuestion 28 (4 points) Which of the following measures would help reduce sodium intake in the diet? Select all that apply.Question 28 options:A)purchase low-sodium labeled foodsB)eat more meals prepared at homeC)consume less prepackaged/highly processed foodsD)bypass eating fresh fruits and vegetablesE)participate in the DASH dietQuestion 29 (2 points) All of the following are guidelines for reducing cancer risk EXCEPT:Question 29 options:A)limit intake of charred foodsB)reduce intake of red meatC)increase intake of saturated fatD)increase consumption of vegetablesQuestion 30 (4 points) Lasting behavioral changes develop when _________. Select all that apply.Question 30 options:A)a food diary is createdB)areas in the diet are identified that need improvementC)items are chosen that motivate and commit the desired changeD)a plan is madeE)dramatic changes are made initiallyQuestion 31 (3 points) Hydration ________. Select all that apply.Question 31 options:A)leads to optimal performance during exerciseB)reduces the risk of a potentially life-threatening heat injuryC)regulates healthy mental and cognitive performanceD)is only important during exerciseQuestion 32 (2 points) What is an example of eating non-sustainably?Question 32 options:A)Eating fruits and vegetables that are in-season harvested at their peak of ripeness.B)Eating organic tomatoes imported from Central AmericaC)Eating locally sourced beef from a family farm.D)Eating vegetables sourced from farms that adhere to agricultural and food production practices that do not harm the environmentQuestion 33 (4 points) Your local chain grocery store has out of season produce from greenhouses and from international sources. What is the best way to foster sustainable agriculture in your own community? SELECT ALL THAT APPLYQuestion 33 options:A)Support single crop (monoculture) farmingB)Support Community Supported Agriculture (CSA’s) groupsC)Eat plant-based foodsD)Become aware of food and nutrition policies at the federal, state and local levels.E)Support growth of vegetables in greenhousesF)Support local farmsG)Support the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in farmingQuestion 34 (2 points) Which statement below is true for the DASH diet?Question 34 options:A)DASH dieters sparingly eat whole grainsB)Intake of high-fiber fruits and vegetables and an associated reduction in sodium intake are key elements for the diet.C)Copious amounts of protein should be consumed for this diet.D)Fats are more than 15% of the total calories consumed.E)Reduced amounts of calcium, magnesium and potassium are recommended.Question 35 (2 points) Which one of the United States agencies below educates the public about diet and nutrition and implements all federal nutrition programs?Question 35 options:A)Agricultural Research ServiceB)Food and Drug AdministrationC)Centers for Disease ControlD)Department of Agriculture (USDA)E)Environmental Protection AgencyQuestion 36 (2 points) ____________ is a preservation method that helps enhance food safety by killing bacteria and parasites.Question 36 options:A)FermentingB)IrradiationC)SmokingD)CuringE)CanningQuestion 37 (2 points) The name of the deficiency or disease that is associated with a low intake of calcium if osteoporosis.Question 37 options:TrueFalseQuestion 38 (2 points) The name of the deficiency or disease that is associated with low intake of iodine is rickets.Question 38 options:TrueFalseQuestion 39 (2 points) Microminerals are also known asQuestion 39 options:A)ElementsB)Trace mineralsC)VitaminsD)BoronQuestion 40 (2 points) The micronutrient that women should monitor before and during pregnancy to prevent complications to mother and child is folate.Question 40 options:TrueFalseQuestion 41 (1 point) The nutrients that vegetarian athletes are at risk for low intakes of are iron and calcium.Question 41 options:TrueFalseQuestion 42 (2 points) Americans should consume less than _______mg of sodium daily.Question 42 options:4500100023001400Question 43 (1 point) The organic metal that pregnant women should avoid consuming is mercury.Question 43 options:TrueFalseQuestion 44 (2 points) ______ can help increase iron absorption when anemic.Question 44 options:A)Vitamin KB)RiboflavinC)Vitamin CD)Calcium