Question 1 According to the book, which of the following is true regarding behavioral disorders of y

Question 1 According to the book, which of
the following is true regarding behavioral disorders of youth? (2 pt

A.Judgments about abnormality often change
over time.

B.Cultural norms should have no impact on
diagnosis.

C.Disorders are best viewed as located within
individuals.

D.Overall, girls display higher rates of
externalizing behavior than boys.

Question 2 When the term syndrome is used
in reference to a behavioral disturbance, it suggests that the disorder

A.has a biological cause.

B.has a psychological cause.

C.occurs mostly in early childhood.

D.is characterized by a group of symptoms.

Question 3 Human development is best viewed
as

A.always occurring in stages.

B.changes in individuals due to environmental
influences.

C.change in persons over time due to the
interactions of many variables.
D.quantitative rather than qualitative growth.

Question 4 If a disorder occurs only in the
presence of Factor X but only when Factor Y or Factor Z are present, we might
suspect that Factor X is a _____ cause of the disorder.

A.necessary but not sufficient

B.sufficient but not necessary

C.necessary and sufficient

D.neither necessary nor sufficient

Question 5 Resilience is best defined as

A.a person’s characteristics that protect him
or her from negative outcomes.

B.characteristics of the environment that
protect a person from negative outcomes.

C.one or more factors that work with risk
factors to produce a disorder.

D.one or more factors that protect a person in
the presence of risk factors for a disorder.

Question 6 Sandy cries easily, has tantrums
when facing novel situations, and is highly reactive to stress. Which
temperament type best describes Sandy?

A.Easy

B.Slow–to-warm-up

C.Difficult

D.Disorganized

Question 7 of 38 2.0 Points
The exposure of the developing fetus to
alcohol consumed by the mother is an example of a

A.prenatal influence.

B.perinatal influence.

C.postnatal influence.
D.genetic influence.

Question 8 Operant conditioning emphasizes
the __________ of behavior.

A.unconscious aspects
B.consequences

C.interpretation

D.symbolism

Question 9 Attention, memory, concept
formation, strategies to mentally manipulate information, and problem solving
are examples of

A.instrumental processes.

B.observational processes.
C.cognitive processes.

D.unconscious processes.

Question 10 Which parental style is
associated with the tendency of children to be independent, socially
responsible, and self-confident?

A.authoritative

B.permissive

C.indulgent

D.authoritarian

Question 11 ___________refers to examining
individuals in their “real world” environment.

A.Naturalistic observation
B.Direct observation

C.Observational learning

D.Reality testing

Question 12 ______________ provides
information on frequency of disorders in the population and helps the pubic
understand the need for treatment and who is at risk for a disorder.

A.Experimental design research

B.Correlational analyses

C.Multiple baseline research

D.Epidemiology

Question 13 A researcher is investigating
motor ability by simultaneously studying three groups of youngsters: ages 6,
10, and 14 years. Which research strategy is the researcher using?

A.qualitative

B.retrospective

C.sequential

D.cross-sectional

Question 14 ______________ assumes that
participants have the right to control the degree to which personal information
can be disclosed.

A.Informed consent
B.Beneficence

C.Non maleficence

D.Confidentiality

Question 15 Which of the following
diagnoses would be placed on Axis II?

A.Intellectual disability

B.Depression

C.Autism

D.Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Question 16 Comorbidity or co-occurrence of
disorders in children and adolescents is

A.quite common.

B.very rare.

C.not possible using the DSM system.

D.common for females but not for males.

Question 17 Which of the following
statements regarding diagnostic labels is part of the concern with the impact
of such labeling?

A.Diagnostic labels have a social impact as well
as a clinical and scientific purpose.

B.Diagnostic labels do not influence observer
expectations regarding the child who is labeled.

C.Diagnostic labels do not help to provide
adults with an explanation or understanding of the child’s behavior.
D.Diagnostic labels do not lead to
generalizations about the characteristics of all children receiving a
particular label.

Question 18 The most common form of
assessment is

A.the projective test.

B.the general clinical interview.

C.the structured interview.

D.structured observations.

Question 19 Susan is 8 years old and
exhibits an excessive and persistent fear of bearded men. She cries, clings to
her mother, and is nauseous whenever she sees bearded men. She will not go to
church since many members of the congregation have beards. She also does not
want to go shopping or to restaurants for similar reasons. Susan would most
likely receive a DSM-IV diagnosis of

A.social phobia.

B.specific phobia.

C.separation anxiety disorder.
D.neurotic anxiety.

Question 20 Amy is a kindergarten girl who,
since preschool, does not speak at all in school or with her peers. She does
easily speak with family members or when she is alone. Others describe her as
fearful and clinging. Which of the following best fits Amy?

A.Developmental language disorder
B.School phobia

C.Avoidant disorder

D.Selective mutism

Question 21 Research on generalized anxiety
disorder (GAD) indicates that

A.GAD often co-occurs with other disorders.

B.the intensity of the symptoms tends to
decrease with age.

C.separation anxiety is a common co-occurring
disorder in adolescents with GAD.
D.it is theorized to be under diagnosed.

Question 22 Mark experiences an event that
poses a serious threat of injury or loss of his life. He subsequently
experiences feelings of fear and helplessness that clearly interfere with his
functioning. He also reports dissociative symptoms. The entire set of symptoms
lasts for about three weeks. Mark is most likely to receive the DSM-IV
diagnosis of

A.specific phobia.

B.acute stress disorder.

C.panic type stress disorder.

D.posttraumatic stress disorder.

Question 23 Tommy exhibits symptoms of
irritable mood, poor appetite, disturbed sleep, low energy, difficulty
concentrating, and feelings of worthlessness. These symptoms are fairly severe
and have been present for about one month. They are interfering with Tommy’s
functioning at school and with his peers. Tommy would most likely receive a
DSM-IV diagnosis of

A.masked depression.

B.bipolar disorder.

C.major depressive disorder.
D.dysthymic disorder.

Question 24 The most prevalent form of
affective disorder among children and adolescents is

A.bipolar disorder.

B.cyclothymia.

C.dysthymia.

D.major depressive disorder.

Question 25 Susie’s mother abandoned her
when she was 5 years old. Now at age 8, Susie thinks that she has little
control over her environment. This is an example of:

A.anaclitic depression

B.learned helplessness

C.hopelessness

D.projection

Question 26 The term bipolar disorder
refers to

A.the experience of both high and low levels
of depression.

B.the presence of mania as well as depressive
symptoms.

C.the presence of depression in the context of
confusion regarding sexual identity.

D.depression that may result from extreme
changes in seasonal weather conditions.

Question 27 The presentation of bipolar
disorder in youth differs from the adult presentation in which of the following
ways?

A.Youth have more distinct episodes.

B.Mixed mood episodes are rare in youth.

C.Youth have periods of relatively good
functioning in between episodes.
D.Youth tend to have a rapid cycling pattern
of episodes.

Question 28 The term delinquency is
primarily employed to refer to

A.a juvenile who has committed an act that
would be illegal for adults as well.

B.a juvenile who has committed an act that is
illegal only for juveniles.

C.a juvenile who has committed an act that
would be illegal for adults as well or an act that is illegal only for
juveniles.
D.a psychological condition – it refers only
to a juvenile who has committed an illegal act because of emotional problems.

Question 29 Regarding the relationship
between oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD), the
findings of the Developmental Trends study suggest that

A.the vast majority of boys who meet the
criteria for CD also meet the criteria for ODD.
B.the vast majority of boys with ODD progress
to CD.

C.only a small minority of boys with ODD meet
the criteria for ODD two years later.

D.CD preceded ODD in most cases.

Question 30 ___________ is the most widely
used substance among young people.

A.Alcohol

B.Marijuana

C.Amphetamines

D.Inhalants

Question 31 Discuss three indicators that
were discussed in Chap 1 that influence whether a child or adolescent will be
identified as experiencing a behavioral problem.

Question 32 Summarize four patterns of
infant-caretaker attachment and their relationship to later adjustment. Be
specific.
Question 33 Contrast the authoritative,
authoritarian, neglectful, and indulgent/permissive styles of parenting and the
child characteristics associated with each style.
Question 34 For each of the following
research designs, discuss major benefits and weaknesses: case study,
correlational, experimental.
Question 35 Briefly describe three
different modes of treatment employed to address the behavior disorders of
children and/or adolescents.
Question 36 What are the four different
clusters of symptoms required for the diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress
Disorder? Give two examples for each category of symptoms.
Question 37 Briefly describe four
characteristics of manic episodes or bipolar disorder in prepubertal youngsters
or adolescents that indicate how they may differ from the presentation in
adults

Question 38 Indicate three ways (other than age of onset)
in which the childhood-onset and adolescent-onset developmental pathways of
conduct-disordered behavior differ.