Question 1 Concerns related to counseling research include ALL BUT WHICH of the following?A. As a pr

Question 1 Concerns related to counseling research include ALL BUT WHICH of the following?A. As a profession, counselors are paying increasing attention to the efficacy of practiceB. Counseling journals sponsored by ACA divisions are lacking in manuscript submissionsC. Changes in funding requirements make research necessaryD. Managed care requires counselors to examine treatment practices1 pointsQuestion 2 The Scientist-Practitioner modelA. Focuses on the objective assessment of data onlyB. Focuses on the subjective experience of counseling onlyC. Provides direction for developing evidenced based treatment practicesD. None of the above are true regarding the Scientist-Practitioner model1 pointsQuestion 3 The Scientist-Practitioner model was formulated as a way toA. Integrate research and therapyB. Redefine the helping professions C. Increase PhD’s in counselingD. Integrate qualitative and quantitative practices1 pointsQuestion 4 A best practice approach to counselingA. Includes methods clearly outlined in the ACA Code of EthicsB. Requires advanced training in research and statisticsC. Integrates clinical experience and empirically validated treatment approachesD. Is a myth, no one can achieve best practice1 pointsQuestion 5 The Scientist-Practitioner model proposes three roles for the practicing counselor. They include ALL BUTWHICH of the followingA. Producers of new dataB. Manuscript authors or co-authorsC. Consumers of researchD. Evaluators of effective therapy1 pointsQuestion 6 ALL BUT WHICH of the following are basic components of research A. Research questionB. HypothesisC. VariablesD. SPSS1 pointsQuestion 7 Guiding the direction of the research, which of the following defines the relationship between what youwant to know and how you intend to discover this knowledge through research?A. HypothesisB. Research questionC. Variables of interestD. Research design1 pointsQuestion 8 An inference or speculation that is indicative of the researcher’s best estimation of the projected resultsof the research is theA. HypothesisB. Research questionC. Variables of interestD. Research design1 points Question 9 Which of the following defines characteristics with more than one attribute or value that can beobserved or manipulatedA. HypothesisB. Research questionC. Variables of interestD. Research design1 pointsQuestion 10 Researchers wishing to study categorical variables would use which research design?A. QuantitativeB. QualitativeC. PhenomenologicalD. Narrative1 pointsQuestion 11 When a researcher is interested in linking or making an association between two or more phenomena,the design that should be used isA. DescriptiveB. Experimental C. RelationalD. Phenomenological1 pointsQuestion 12 Researchers wishing to study characteristics of a particular group of people need to considerA. Sample sizeB. Total populationC. GeneralizabilityD. All of the aboveE. a & c only1 pointsQuestion 13 Characteristics of quality research include ALL BUT WHICH of the followingA. A focus on a small slice of a large problemB. Being limited in scopeC. Broad research questions in order to maximize generalizabilityD. Clearly defined research problem1 pointsQuestion 14 Which of the following is true regarding research questionsA. It is a statement of the problem and its significanceB. They can be in declarative or question formC. It must be specific in focus and intentionD. All of the above are true regarding research questions1 pointsQuestion 15 Which of the following is true regarding the hypothesisA. It is a tentative or potential answer to the proposed research questionsB. It can be formulate before or after data collectionC. It can be in declarative or question formD. All of the above are true regarding the hypothesis1 pointsQuestion 16 Research designs that include selecting participants from identified subgroups within the totalpopulation employA. Systemic samplingB. Stratified samplingC. Random samplingD. Convenience sampling 1 pointsQuestion 17 One of the primary applications of counseling research isA. Controlling cognitive distortionsB. Improving moodC. Smoking cessationD. Improving/controlling behavior1 pointsQuestion 18 Ethical research requires thatA. The researcher be competent to design, plan, and implement researchB. Researchers receive training beyond master’sC. Participants be compensated for their effortsD. Data be published1 pointsQuestion 19 Sources that use an extensive review process are generallyA. Web basedB. Scholarly journals C. Government documentsD. Not available to counselors1 pointsQuestion 20 When a reviewer is unaware of the authorship of the manuscript under consideration, it is known asA. IRBB. Blind reviewC. Scholarly reviewD. Hidden review1 pointsQuestion 21 A primary reason for utilizing scholarly articles in a literature review isA. Reliability of informationB. They are more accessibleC. Maintaining journal subscription ratesD. None of the above are reasons for utilizing scholarly articles1 pointsQuestion 22 A piece of work that is considered the original report of research providing firsthand information or isthe first published account is known as a A. Scholarly journalB. DatabaseC. Primary sourceD. Secondary source1 pointsQuestion 23 An overview of a study that does not go into the methodology in depth is known as aA. Scholarly journalB. DatabaseC. Primary sourceD. Secondary source1 pointsQuestion 24 The APA style manual directs researchers in ALL BUT WHICH of the followingA. Data analysis methodsB. Grammar and syntaxC. Language biasD. References1 pointsQuestion 25 The use of headings in scholarly writingA. Establish the hierarchy of sectionsB. Help to orient the readerC. Create a structure and flow to the points being madeD. All of the above1 pointsQuestion 26 Important considerations in the development of a methodological plan include ALL BUT WHICH of thefollowingA. Funding sourceB. Variable selectionC. Population samplingD. Bias reduction1 pointsQuestion 27 Variables such as height, weight, and test score are consideredA. CategoricalB. NumericalC. Constants D. Qualitative1 pointsQuestion 28 Variables such as religion and sexual orientation are consideredA. CategoricalB. NumericalC. QuantitativeD. Constants1 pointsQuestion 29 When studying the effect of maternal alcohol use and disruptive behavior in children, the child’sdisruptive behavior is consideredA. The independent variableB. The dependent variableC. Unrelated to maternal alcohol useD. Qualitative data1 pointsQuestion 30 When studying the effect of maternal alcohol use and disruptive behavior in children, maternal alcoholuse is likely A. A manipulated variableB. Unrelated to the child’s disruptive behaviorC. Controlled by the researcherD. A selected variable1 pointsQuestion 31 The extent to which the independent variable truly effects the change in the dependent variable isknown asA. External validityB. Internal validityC. Construct validityD. Content validity1 pointsQuestion 32 The extent to which a study can be generalized to other settings and populations isA. External validityB. Internal validityC. Construct validityD. Content validity1 points Question 33 Survey research is generally conducted for ALL BUT WHICH of the following purposesA. To identify problems or concernsB. To make comparisons or evaluationsC. To support current practicesD. To capture the lived experience of participants1 pointsQuestion 34 When a researcher surveys parents of a group of ten infants who enter into an early interventionprogram at two months and then again upon their exit from the program at age 5, the method is knownasA. TrendB. CohortC. PanelD. Cross-sectional1 pointsQuestion 35 A community counseling program coordinator in a CACREP master’s program surveys graduatingstudents annually regarding program perceptions. This is most closely aligned with which surveyresearch design?A. Trend B. CohortC. PanelD. Cross-sectional1 pointsQuestion 36 A school counselor conducts a health and wellness needs assessment of her students. She is likelyemploying which survey research design?A. TrendB. CohortC. PanelD. Cross-sectional1 pointsQuestion 37 ALL BUT WHICH of the following are advantages to electronic surveys over pencil and paper surveysA. Completed surveys are automatically stored in electronic formatB. Survey data is automatically analyzed for the researcherC. Access to larger as well as more culturally diverse samplesD. Ease and speed of administration1 pointsQuestion 38 Common misconceptions about time-series design include ALL BUT WHICH of the followingA. Only used to evaluate behavior modification techniquesB. The easiest of all design methodsC. Does not permit causal conclusionsD. Does not allow one to draw conclusion about generalizations1 pointsQuestion 39 The three guiding principles of time series design areA. Rate, duration, latencyB. N-of-one, case studies, intensiveC. Prediction, verification, replicationD. Intention, omissions, validation1 pointsQuestion 40 Level, trend, and variability are _______________ in time-series designsA. Data patternsB. GraphsC. CaptionsD. Behaviors1 points Question 41 There are multiple motives for conducting program evaluation. Of the following, which is the primaryreason for conducting program evaluation?A. Managed care has significantly reduced the amount of time clients can be in servicesB. It is ethically responsible for best practice in counselingC. Provides evidence for new or continued funding sourcesD. Counselors are afforded research and publication opportunities1 pointsQuestion 42 Which of the following is true?A. Outcome evaluation is concerned with changes that occurred in participantsB. Process evaluation focuses on making value judgments about the totality of theprogramC. Outcome evaluation is concerned with delivery of the programD. Process evaluation is concerned with changes that occurred in participants1 pointsQuestion 43 The starting point for any program evaluation isA. Developing a research instrumentB. Collecting data C. Talking with stakeholders about their perceptionsD. Determining needs based on the mission statement of the program1 pointsQuestion 44 Statistical analyses are included in which section of the research report?A. IntroductionB. MethodsC. ResultsD. Discussion1 pointsQuestion 45 The section most appropriate for drawing conclusions between the current study and existing research isA. IntroductionB. MethodsC. ResultsD. Discussion1 pointsQuestion 46 The section often referred to as the “how to” component of the research report is A. IntroductionB. MethodsC. ResultsD. Discussion1 pointsQuestion 47 An event which involved extreme medical experiments which tormented patients to death in the nameof science wasA. Nazi Medical War CrimesB. Tuskegee Syphilis studyC. Jewish Chronic Disease hospital studyD. Willowbrook study1 pointsQuestion 48 Researchers in which of the following examples did not inform participants they were being injected withcancer out of fear that is would frighten the participants and out of a belief that consent was notnecessaryA. Nazi Medical War CrimesB. Tuskegee Syphilis studyC. Jewish Chronic Disease hospital study D. Willowbrook study1 pointsQuestion 49 One of the longest running unethical research projects known wasA. Nazi Medical War CrimesB. Tuskegee Syphilis studyC. Jewish Chronic Disease hospital studyD. Willowbrook study1 pointsQuestion 50 Which of the following is not true about The Belmont ReportA. Was created by the National Commission for Research EthicsB. Arose out of the legal implications of the Tuskegee Syphilis StudyC. Is the cornerstone document of research ethicsD. All of the above are true1 pointsQuestion 51 Belmont Report principles include ALL BUT WHICH of the followingA. Respect for persons B. BeneficenceC. JusticeD. Veracity1 pointsQuestion 52 The Belmont principle that references the concepts that individuals should be treated as autonomousagents and provides protection for those with diminished autonomy isA. Respect for personsB. BeneficenceC. JusticeD. Veracity1 pointsQuestion 53 Questions related to who bears the burden of risks and who should receive the benefits of research fallunder the principle ofA. Respect for personsB. BeneficenceC. JusticeD. Veracity1 pointsQuestion 54 The quality or state of doing or producing good is known asA. Respect for personsB. BeneficenceC. JusticeD. Veracity1 pointsQuestion 55 The Institutional Review BoardA. Is typically comprised of a minimum of five membersB. Is charged with making decisions related to risks and benefits to participantsC. Determine appropriateness of informed consentD. All of the above1 pointsQuestion 56 Studies which compare and contrast one cultural group with another are typically referred to asA. Cultural researchB. Cross cultural researchC. Culturally sensitive research D. Culturally relevant research1 pointsQuestion 57 Studies that examine within group differences are typically referred to asA. Cultural researchB. Cross cultural researchC. Culturally sensitive researchD. Culturally relevant research1 pointsQuestion 58 Any research that is culturally sensitive and culturally relevant can be consideredA. Ethical researchB. Cross-cultural researchC. Multicultural researchD. Responsive research1 pointsQuestion 59 Benefits of counselors understanding and conducting research include ALL BUT WHICH of the followingA. Research informs practice B. Conducting research allows the researcher to immediately implement findingsC. Engaging in research projects can lead to networking opportunitiesD. All of the above are benefits to counselors1 pointsQuestion 60 Cross-cultural and cultural researchA. Validates and increases knowledge of diverse populationsB. Increases our ability to understand how various constructs are conceptualized indifferent culturesC. Increases external validity of the studyD. Increases reliability of the studyE. All of the above are true about cross-cultural and cultural researchF. a, b, & c only