Question 11 pts During glycolysis, two hydrogen atoms are picked up by the coenzyme nicotinamide ade

Question
11 pts
During glycolysis, two hydrogen atoms are
picked up by the coenzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD). What B
vitamin is required for synthesis of this coenzyme?

riboflavin

niacin

pantothenic acid

biotin

Question
21 pts
Which of the following minerals are
considered electrolytes?

copper, selenium

iron, zinc

potassium, chloride

iodine, beta-carotene

Question
31 pts
Which of the following situations will result
in the most significant fluid loss:

jogging for an hour

breastfeeding

drinking alcoholic beverages

Cold temperatures

diarrhea and vomitting

Question
41 pts
Which of the following foods would contain the
least amount of sodium?

organic tomato sauce

low-sodium V-8 juice

a serving of ketchup

sliced tomatoes

Question
51 pts
You get the most potassium from:

enriched wheat pasta, Total Cereal

oranges, baked potato, milk

canned green beans, canned clams

ramen noodles, stewed tomatoes

Question
61 pts
The DASH diet:

only reduces blood pressure for
people who are sensitive to sodium.

has been shown to significantly
reduce blood pressure in people with and without hypertension.

is low in sodium and high in omega 3
fatty acids

includes 5 servings of fruits and
vegetables each day.

Question
71 pts
To fight oxidative damage caused by free
radicals, the body uses

Vit. A, E, C, and selenium

strictly phytochemical

strictly phytochemical supplements

Vit. D and calcium

Question
81 pts
The best sources of vitamin E are:

dairy foods.

grains.

fruits.

vegetable oils.

Question
91 pts
Vitamin C:

assists with collagen synthesis and
enhances iron absorption.

prevents the flu and cures the common
cold .

contributes to cell differentiation.

protects vitamin A from oxidation.

Question
101 pts
Plant chemicals that may be protective against
cancer include:

Vitamin E supplements

antioxidants

phytochemicals

probiotics

Question
111 pts
How can consumers protect themselves from
toxic levels of supplements?

Assume that the product is safe as
long as it is made from natural ingredients.

Select vitamins that are close to or
less than 100% of the DV for each nutrient.

Select supplements that are at least
500% of the DV for each nutrient.

Buy only name brands.

Question
121 pts
Which of the following fruit is likely to be
the best source of vitamin A?

grapes

cantaloupe

cherries

strawberries

Question
131 pts
All of the following nutrients are water
soluble EXCEPT:

B-vitamins

Vitamin K and E

Vitamin C

Pantothenic Acid

Question
141 pts
What is the function of aldosterone?

stimulates the kidneys to reabsorb
water (reducing urine output)

stimulates the kidneys to filter out
more water (increasing urine output)

signals the kidneys to retain sodium
and chloride

signals the kidneys to release sodium
and chloride

Question
151 pts
Which organ is primarily responsible for
maintaining fluid balance?

small intestine

kidneys

liver

pancreas

Question
161 pts
What is the primary reason we sweat?

to maintain blood volume

to maintain sodium balance

to excrete waste products

to regulate body temperature

Question
171 pts
The ability of a muscle to contract and relax
is dependent on the flow of ________ in and out of the muscle cell.

phosphorus

calcium

iron

chloride

Question
181 pts
Why is hypertension often referred to as
“the silent killer”?

Physicians are just beginning to realize
the consequences of this condition.

The symptoms of this condition are
not obvious (it is asymptomatic).

Many individuals are embarrassed and
don’t like to admit they have this condition.

There are no effective treatments for
this condition.

Question
191 pts
The bioavailability of calcium absorption
mostly depends on

age and calcium needs

type of foods eaten

amount of calcium eaten at a time

binding factors

Question
201 pts
When blood calcium levels
rise,________________levels rise to inhibit Vit. D and when blood calcium
levels fall, __________________ levels rise and trigger Vit. D release to help
maintain blood calcium levels.

calcitonin, parathyroid hormone

glucagon, insulin

parathyroid hormone, calcitonin

insulin, glucagon

Question
211 pts
What food combinations would best meet daily
calcium needs for men and women 19 – 50 years old?

12 oz cafe latte w/nonfat milk, 1 oz
cheddar cheese, 1 serving of collard greens, 1 serving of broccoli

2 pieces of red, yellow or orange
fruit or vegetable, 1/2 cup of cottage cheese, 1 cup of white beans

1 cup orange juice, 1 cup vanilla soy
milk, 1/2 cup leafy greens and 1 oz canned sardines

3 oz canned salmon, 1/2 cup spinach,
1 cup pinto beans

Question
221 pts
All of the following are true about Vit. D
absorption from the sun except?

Weight has nothing to do with Vit. D
absorption

Best absorbed between 9AM and 3 PM

People with dark skin do not absorb
Vit. D as well as people with light skin.

Older people do not make Vit. D
efficiently

.1em;”>Question
23.1em;”>10 pts
Match each term with its description.
Thiamin

[ Choose ]
coenzyme involved in coagulation of blood and bone metabolizm
critical to vision and cell growth; antioxidant properties
synthesis of thyroid hormones
part of Acetyl CoA
deficiency results in neural tube defects in developing fetus
protects lipids from free-radical damage, reduces risk of heart disease
Part of a coenzyme involved in carbohydrate metabolism
part of bone structure, a cofactor for more than 300 enzymes
assists with the formation of red blood cells
regulates blood calcium levels

Vitamin B12

[ Choose ]
coenzyme involved in coagulation of blood and bone metabolizm
critical to vision and cell growth; antioxidant properties
synthesis of thyroid hormones
part of Acetyl CoA
deficiency results in neural tube defects in developing fetus
protects lipids from free-radical damage, reduces risk of heart disease
Part of a coenzyme involved in carbohydrate metabolism
part of bone structure, a cofactor for more than 300 enzymes
assists with the formation of red blood cells
regulates blood calcium levels

Folate

[ Choose ]
coenzyme involved in coagulation of blood and bone metabolizm
critical to vision and cell growth; antioxidant properties
synthesis of thyroid hormones
part of Acetyl CoA
deficiency results in neural tube defects in developing fetus
protects lipids from free-radical damage, reduces risk of heart disease
Part of a coenzyme involved in carbohydrate metabolism
part of bone structure, a cofactor for more than 300 enzymes
assists with the formation of red blood cells
regulates blood calcium levels

pantothenic acid

[ Choose ]
coenzyme involved in coagulation of blood and bone metabolizm
critical to vision and cell growth; antioxidant properties
synthesis of thyroid hormones
part of Acetyl CoA
deficiency results in neural tube defects in developing fetus
protects lipids from free-radical damage, reduces risk of heart disease
Part of a coenzyme involved in carbohydrate metabolism
part of bone structure, a cofactor for more than 300 enzymes
assists with the formation of red blood cells
regulates blood calcium levels

idodine

[ Choose ]
coenzyme involved in coagulation of blood and bone metabolizm
critical to vision and cell growth; antioxidant properties
synthesis of thyroid hormones
part of Acetyl CoA
deficiency results in neural tube defects in developing fetus
protects lipids from free-radical damage, reduces risk of heart disease
Part of a coenzyme involved in carbohydrate metabolism
part of bone structure, a cofactor for more than 300 enzymes
assists with the formation of red blood cells
regulates blood calcium levels

Vitamin E

[ Choose ]
coenzyme involved in coagulation of blood and bone metabolizm
critical to vision and cell growth; antioxidant properties
synthesis of thyroid hormones
part of Acetyl CoA
deficiency results in neural tube defects in developing fetus
protects lipids from free-radical damage, reduces risk of heart disease
Part of a coenzyme involved in carbohydrate metabolism
part of bone structure, a cofactor for more than 300 enzymes
assists with the formation of red blood cells
regulates blood calcium levels

Vitamin A

[ Choose ]
coenzyme involved in coagulation of blood and bone metabolizm
critical to vision and cell growth; antioxidant properties
synthesis of thyroid hormones
part of Acetyl CoA
deficiency results in neural tube defects in developing fetus
protects lipids from free-radical damage, reduces risk of heart disease
Part of a coenzyme involved in carbohydrate metabolism
part of bone structure, a cofactor for more than 300 enzymes
assists with the formation of red blood cells
regulates blood calcium levels

Vitamin K

[ Choose ]
coenzyme involved in coagulation of blood and bone metabolizm
critical to vision and cell growth; antioxidant properties
synthesis of thyroid hormones
part of Acetyl CoA
deficiency results in neural tube defects in developing fetus
protects lipids from free-radical damage, reduces risk of heart disease
Part of a coenzyme involved in carbohydrate metabolism
part of bone structure, a cofactor for more than 300 enzymes
assists with the formation of red blood cells
regulates blood calcium levels

Vitamin D

[ Choose ]
coenzyme involved in coagulation of blood and bone metabolizm
critical to vision and cell growth; antioxidant properties
synthesis of thyroid hormones
part of Acetyl CoA
deficiency results in neural tube defects in developing fetus
protects lipids from free-radical damage, reduces risk of heart disease
Part of a coenzyme involved in carbohydrate metabolism
part of bone structure, a cofactor for more than 300 enzymes
assists with the formation of red blood cells
regulates blood calcium levels

Magnesium

[ Choose ]
coenzyme involved in coagulation of blood and bone metabolizm
critical to vision and cell growth; antioxidant properties
synthesis of thyroid hormones
part of Acetyl CoA
deficiency results in neural tube defects in developing fetus
protects lipids from free-radical damage, reduces risk of heart disease
Part of a coenzyme involved in carbohydrate metabolism
part of bone structure, a cofactor for more than 300 enzymes
assists with the formation of red blood cells
regulates blood calcium levels

Question
241 pts
What benefits does floride have?

prevents tooth decay

helps children lose their baby teeth

helps make teeth white

Acts as an antioxidant for teeth

Question
254 pts
Match the best food source with the nutrient
vegetable oils,
seeds

[ Choose ]
Vitamin D
Vitamin C
Vitamin E
Beta carotene

bell peppers,
oranges

[ Choose ]
Vitamin D
Vitamin C
Vitamin E
Beta carotene

Sweet potato, winter
sqaush

[ Choose ]
Vitamin D
Vitamin C
Vitamin E
Beta carotene

milk, canned
salmon

[ Choose ]
Vitamin D
Vitamin C
Vitamin E
Beta carotene

Question
261 pts
Zinc is associated with numerous _____ which
are important for enzymatic, structural and regulatory roles

proteins

lipids

minerals

carbohydrates

Question
271 pts
Very low and very high body weight seems to be
associated with an increased incidence of

infection

cancer

osteoporosis

anemia

Question
281 pts
Decreased immunocompetence is associated with

reduced nutritional status

gold medal performance at the Olymics

bone integrity

risk for heart disease

Question
292 pts
Liz has recently been diagnosed with hypertension.
Detail at least 3 DIET RELATED changes that are important for
Liz to identify and modify in an effort to lower her blood pressure.

Question
302 pts
Outline a menu for a day that would meet the
recommendations for the antioxidant functions. (Include the names of each
nutrient…there are 5… next to an appropriate food source)

Question
312 pts
Your friend is worried about her risk of
cancer because her sister had breast cancer and her father died from stomach
cancer . She is asking you what she should do to reduce her own risk of cancer.
What is your advice? Explain at least 2 dietary strategies and at least 1 other
lifestyle strategy that may contribute to the prevention of developing cancer.

Question
322 pts
Explain the type of iron a person
following a vegan eating pattern will get from foods.What specific
foods would you suggest this person eat on a regular basis to meet iron
needs?

Question
332 pts
You are a 20 something year old woman. What
should you do to decrease risk of osteoporosis? (Name at least 3 ways and
include the foods that contribute.)

Question
340 pts
EXTRA CREDIT – 3
points
Name 5 strategies you would use in your home
to reduce vitamin loss during the purchase, storage, and preparation of fresh
fruits and vegetables