Question 9 1 pts Christiansen’s study of identical twins versus fraternal twins revealed that these

Question 9

1 pts

Christiansen’s study of identical twins versus fraternal twins revealed that

these twins were no more similar in criminal behavior than any two siblings

these twins were no more similar in their criminal behavior than any two people selected randomly

identical twins were less likely to be criminal than fraternal twins

identical twins were more similar in their criminal behavior than fraternal twins were

Question 10

1 pts

Differential association theory states that boys become delinquent because of

the directly rewarding nature of most forms of delinquency

lack of attachments to parents

attachments to delinquent people

response to pressures made by the “normal” world leads them to form deviant subcultures with alternative values and goals

Question 11

1 pts

The rewards of criminal acts to the offenders are typically

substantial

well-maintained provided the offender is not arrested

immediate

roughly equal to the victim’s loss

Question 12

1 pts

In which of the following do structural strain theory and social control theory disagree?

Whether or not access to desired rewards is unequal among different members of a society

Whether or not people are normally motivated to be loyal to pursue certain socially-approved goals using certain socially-approved means

Whether or not people who deviate are “pushed” into it, or made “free” to do it

Whether or not the objects of deviant behavior are potentially attractive

Question 13

1 pts

The typical criminal act in the United States

involves little effort

is done by someone who thought through their decision to commit a crime very carefully

is as likely to be committed by a women as by a man

is interrupted due to the lengthy time typically involved in completing it

Question 14

1 pts

The basic question social control theorists ask is

“Why do they do it?”

“Why don’t they do it?”

“Why is this particular act considered deviant?”

“How do people learn deviant actions and values on others?”

Question 15

1 pts

According to the author of your text, which of the following presents problems for at least some aspect(s) of differential association theory?

Research on the extent to which criminality runs in families

The existence of deviant subcultures

Research on the issue of whether or not delinquents tend to have delinquent friends

The issue of how deviant friends or relatives themselves became deviant

Question 16

1 pts

According to Donald West and David Farrington’s study of English families, ____ of families account for almost ____ of all criminal convictions

10%; 80%

5%; 90%

5%; 50%

25%; 50%

Question 17

1 pts

Since she left the “straight life,” Greta is “into” heroin as well as “punk” music, dress, and ideology Among the people around her, she is not deviant at all; she is just “one of us” to other punks Which theory would most specifically apply to Greta’s situation?

subcultural deviance

subcultural strain

differential association

structural strain

Question 18

1 pts

The fundamental proposition on which most sociological theories of deviance are based is

those with the most power and wealth are those who will define what is “deviant” and who are “deviants“

attachments tend to produce conformity to others

crime and deviance will be greater among the poor and dispossessed

society needs deviance in order to define and reward normalcy