Question Points 1. From an evolutionary perspective, a woman selects a particular man for mating bec

Question Points
1. From an
evolutionary perspective, a woman selects a particular man for mating because
the man will:
a. help their
offspring survive.
b. have low social
status.
c. possess limited
resources.
d. be sociable in
groups.

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2. Which of
the following is a criticism of evolutionary theory?
a. Gender
differences are not explained well.
b. Evolutionary theory
can never be tested.
c. Parental
investment is not included in evolutionary theory.
d. Evolutionary
theory does not address mating preferences.

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3. Which of
the following is true regarding inheritance and behavior?
a. Behaviors that
are inherited often skip a generation.
b. Humans do not
inherit specific patterns of behavior.
c. Humans inherit
behavior based on animal development.
d. Humans are only
capable of inheriting very specific behaviors.

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4. Men’s
greater physical strength, according to social-role theory, has led men to
develop which particular trait?
a. Assertiveness
b. Cooperativeness
c. Submissiveness
d. Sociability
Hint: p. 114
SLO1:Apply psychological principles to current issues.
LO1B:Explain the biological components of psychological
function
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5. Natural
selection is also known as:
a. genetic fitness.
b. Darwinian
wholeness.
c. genetic
variations of traits.
d. survival of the
fittest.

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6. Cultures
that emphasize the well-being of the family and the larger culture are
considered to be:
a. collectivistic.
b. modernistic.
c. individualistic.
d. culturally
diverse.

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7. There is
evidence that the left hemisphere is involved in processing ________ and the
right hemisphere is involved in processing ________.
a. positive
emotions; negative emotions
b. emotional
reactions; abstract thought
c. spatial
information; complex language
d. spoken language;
language production

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8. Which
subpart of the brain is located at the rear base of the skull?
a. Forebrain
b. Corpus callosum
c. Midbrain
d. Hindbrain

9. Damage to
the hippocampus would most likely impair:
a. autonomic
functioning.
b. disease
resistance.
c. sexual
functioning.
d. memory formation.

10. What part
of the brain controls conscious experience and intelligence?
a. Cerebral cortex
b. Cingulate cortex
c. Hippocampus
d. Limbic system

11. Cultures
that emphasize the importance of individual rights, goals, and accomplishments
are considered to be:
a. collectivistic.
b. modernistic.
c. individualistic.
d. culturally
diverse.

12. Small
branches that extend from the neuron cell body and spread like miniature tree
roots are called:
a. ganglia.
b. synaptic knobs.
c. axons.
d. dendrites.

13. Approximately
how many neurons compose the nervous system?
a. 20 to 50 thousand
b. 100 million
c. 5 billion
d. 100 billion

14. From
childhood through adulthood, the ______ increases in size and becomes larger in
women than men.
a. hypothalamus
b. hippocampus
c. amygdala
d. thalamus

15. According
to social-role theory, today’s gender differences exist because of:
a. generational
mutations.
b. individual
goal-setting.
c. genetic
programming.
d. social pressures.

16. If you
believe that gender differences are a result of different opportunities,
challenges, experiences, and restrictions, then you hold to the ______ theory
of gender differences.
a. Freudian
b. neo-behavioristic
c. social-role
d. evolutionary

17. From
childhood through adulthood, the ______ increases in size and becomes larger in
men than women.
a. amygdala
b. hippocampus
c. hypothalamus
d. thalamus

18. Regarding
brain function, the term plasticity refers to the phenomenon of when the cortex
is damaged:
a. it bounces around
inside the skull like a plastic, bouncing ball.
b. it shrinks to a
smaller size and becomes hard like plastic.
c. doctors can
stretch other areas of the brain to cover the damaged area.
d. other areas of
the brain can take over the functions of the damaged area.

19. What is
the relationship between a nerve and a neuron?
a. Nerves are part
of the sympathetic system; neurons are part of the parasympathetic system.
b. A nerve follows
an afferent pathway and a neuron follows an efferent pathway.
c. The term
“nerve” is the plural for neurons found within the brain.
d. A nerve is a
bundle of long neurons outside the brain and spinal cord.

20. A common
way of classifying the brain is to divide it into three major parts. What are
they?
a. Medulla,
midbrain, forebrain
b. Midbrain,
hindbrain, cerebellum
c. Hindbrain,
midbrain, forebrain
d. Medulla,
cerebrum, cerebellum